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Flashcards in Interventions Deck (159)
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1

According to behaviorism, what causes problematic behaviors?

Problematic learned patterns

2

Classical Conditioning is best used to treat what conditions?

Phobias
Anxieties
Addictions

3

What is counterconditioning?

Based on the principle of reciprocal inhibition. 2 things that are incompatible cannot happen at the same time.

4

When is aversive conditioning used?

When trying to eliminate problematic behaviors such as addictions or fetishes

5

How effective is aversive conditioning?

Initially effective but has high rates of recidivism

6

What is the best treatment for specific phobias?

Flooding with Response Prevention

7

What is the theoretical basis for assertiveness training?

Counterconditioning

8

How would you begin therapy based on operant conditioning?

Conducting a functional assessment

9

What is a primary reinforcer?

This is something that reinforces everyone across cultures

10

What is a secondary reinforcer

Something that earns reinforcing value over time

11

What is a generalized reinforcer?

The reinforcer itself is not generally reinforcing, but gives us access to reinforcing items

12

What is shaping?

Successive approximations used to mold behavior

13

What is DRO?

DRO=Differential Reinforcement of Other Behavior
It's a combination of operant extinction and positive reinforcement
You reward desirable behaviors while not responding to undesirable behaviors

14

What is the difference between avoidance learning and escape learning?

Avoidance learning allows a subject to avoid an aversive stimulus all together. Escape learning applies the aversive stimulus, but allows the participant to escape this stimulus.

15

What is overcorrection?

A form of punishment that forces the individual to correct not just what they've done, but beyond what they've done.

16

How did Wolfganag Kohler's experiment challenge behaviorism?

His insight study with chimps demonstrated that the chimpanzees were able to develop new behaviors in the absence of any rewards or punishments.

17

Albert Ellis developed what therapy?

RET

18

Who developed RET?

Albert Ellis

19

How would a therapist practicing RET intervene with a patient.

Directly convincing patients they are being irrational

20

According to RET, what is the cause of mental health concerns?

Emotional Problems

21

What intervention would Beck be likely to use?

Empirical Hypothesis Testing or Socratic Questioning

22

What is the cognitive triad of depression (according to Beck)?

Negative view of self
Negative view of the world
Negative view of the future

23

Explain Michenbaum's Self-Instructional Training

The therapist describes a task
The patient does the task while the therapist verbalizes it
The patient does the task and verbalizes it
The patient does the task independently

24

What is protocol analysis?

When an individual is asked to verbalize aloud how they are approaching a new problem or task

25

What is stress inoculation training?

Teaching patients how to deal with mild stressors before moving onto bigger stressors. Includes coping skills acquisition and practicing.

26

What is stress inoculation used to treat?

PTSD

27

How does relapse prevention view relapse?

As inevitable, so it treats patients skills to deal with it more effectively

28

What is the theory behind the self-control model of depression?

Depression results from negative self-evaluation, a lack of self-reinforcement and too much self-punishment

29

Marlat's name is associated with?

A substance abuse model involving relapse prevention

30

Who viewed human nature as deterministic?

Freud