Flashcards in Interventions Deck (159)
According to behaviorism, what causes problematic behaviors?
Problematic learned patterns
Classical Conditioning is best used to treat what conditions?
What is counterconditioning?
Based on the principle of reciprocal inhibition. 2 things that are incompatible cannot happen at the same time.
When is aversive conditioning used?
When trying to eliminate problematic behaviors such as addictions or fetishes
How effective is aversive conditioning?
Initially effective but has high rates of recidivism
What is the best treatment for specific phobias?
Flooding with Response Prevention
What is the theoretical basis for assertiveness training?
How would you begin therapy based on operant conditioning?
Conducting a functional assessment
What is a primary reinforcer?
This is something that reinforces everyone across cultures
What is a secondary reinforcer
Something that earns reinforcing value over time
What is a generalized reinforcer?
The reinforcer itself is not generally reinforcing, but gives us access to reinforcing items
What is shaping?
Successive approximations used to mold behavior
What is DRO?
DRO=Differential Reinforcement of Other Behavior
It's a combination of operant extinction and positive reinforcement
You reward desirable behaviors while not responding to undesirable behaviors
What is the difference between avoidance learning and escape learning?
Avoidance learning allows a subject to avoid an aversive stimulus all together. Escape learning applies the aversive stimulus, but allows the participant to escape this stimulus.
What is overcorrection?
A form of punishment that forces the individual to correct not just what they've done, but beyond what they've done.
How did Wolfganag Kohler's experiment challenge behaviorism?
His insight study with chimps demonstrated that the chimpanzees were able to develop new behaviors in the absence of any rewards or punishments.
Albert Ellis developed what therapy?
Who developed RET?
How would a therapist practicing RET intervene with a patient.
Directly convincing patients they are being irrational
According to RET, what is the cause of mental health concerns?
What intervention would Beck be likely to use?
Empirical Hypothesis Testing or Socratic Questioning
What is the cognitive triad of depression (according to Beck)?
Negative view of self
Negative view of the world
Negative view of the future
Explain Michenbaum's Self-Instructional Training
The therapist describes a task
The patient does the task while the therapist verbalizes it
The patient does the task and verbalizes it
The patient does the task independently
What is protocol analysis?
When an individual is asked to verbalize aloud how they are approaching a new problem or task
What is stress inoculation training?
Teaching patients how to deal with mild stressors before moving onto bigger stressors. Includes coping skills acquisition and practicing.
What is stress inoculation used to treat?
How does relapse prevention view relapse?
As inevitable, so it treats patients skills to deal with it more effectively
What is the theory behind the self-control model of depression?
Depression results from negative self-evaluation, a lack of self-reinforcement and too much self-punishment
Marlat's name is associated with?
A substance abuse model involving relapse prevention