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Flashcards in Multicultural Psychology Deck (29)
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1

Emic

Culturally specific views

2

Etic

Universal view of personality and psychopathology

3

What age/sex group of immigrants has the highest rates of hospitalization?

Young Males

4

When are psychological problems most likely to peak following immigration?

1-3 years

5

What is acculturation?

The process by which one culture learns about and adopts the behaviors and beliefs of another group

6

What is cultural maintenance?

the extent people make contact with and participate in dominant culture

7

According to Berry's Model of Acculturation, what are the four possible outcomes of acculturation?

Assimilation
Separation
Integration
Marginalization

8

Assimilation according to Berry's Model of Acculturation

High contact and participation
Low cultural maintenance

9

Separation according to Berry's Model of Acculturation

High cultural maintenance
Low contact and participation

10

Integration according to Berry's Model of Acculturation

High cultural maintenance
High contact and participation

11

Marginalization according to Berry's Model of Acculturation

Low cultural maintenance
Low contact and participation

12

What is enculturation?

Learning information about one's own culture

13

What are idioms of distress?

The ways in which various cultural groups express psychological distress

14

What is a culture bound syndrome?

A mental health condition that only occurs in specific cultural groups

15

What is cultural encapsulation

When a therapist has a very narrow view about cultures and reality

16

People with low SES have higher rates of being diagnosed with....

Schizophrenia

17

People with high SES have higher rates of being diagnosed with....

Bipolar Disorder

18

Troiden's Model of Sexual Minority Development

Sensitization
Identity Confusion
Identity Assumption
Commitment

19

What is low context communication?

Focuses on the message being said

20

What is high context communication?

The context surrounding the message has significant importance

21

Atkinson, Morton, and Sue's Minority Identity Development Model

Conformity
Dissonance
Resistance
Introspection
Integration

22

Helm's Model of White Racial Identity Development

Contact
Disintegration
Reintegration
Pseudo-Independence
Emersion/Immersion

23

What does a collateral culture value?

Family and social connections

24

Mental Health Issues for Hispanic Americans

Express emotional symptoms as physical symptoms
Collateral culture
May seek mental health care from corenderas
Treatment should be active, concrete, and focused on problem-solving
May want to involve the family
Informal communication

25

What cultural group is most likely to commit suicide?

Native Americans

26

Mental Health Issues for African Americans

Most likely to be victims of violence and crime
Overrepresented in inpatient mental health hospitalizations
Cultural Paranoia
Likely to terminate therapy earlier
Importance of creating a positive alliance
Egalitarian relationship is optimal
A person's stage of identity development can affect their attitude towards counseling
Multi-systems approaches may be helpful

27

What is cultural paranoia?

A healthy distinctiveness based on the real experiences of racism

28

Mental Health Issues for Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders

Collateral culture
Patriarchal
Low usage of mental health services due to shame and stigma
Mental health issues often disguised and somatic or academic/vocational complaints
Structure, active, and directive approaches are best

29

Mental Health Issues for Native Americans/Alaskan Natives

20% still live on reservations
Poverty is twice as high as the general population
Suicide rate is 1.5 times higher
Alcohol related deaths are much higher
Alternative medical practices are frequently used
Don't know much about ideal therapy approaches