Biological Basis of Behavior-Neurons, Neurotransmitters, and Medications Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Biological Basis of Behavior-Neurons, Neurotransmitters, and Medications Deck (244)
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1

What are the 3 parts of a neuron?

Dendrite
Cell Body
Axon

2

What is the "receiving body" of a neuron?

Dendrite

3

What is the "sending body" of a neuron?

Axon

4

Which part of the neuron contains DNA?

Cell Body

5

When a cell is at rest, what chemical is contained outside the cell?

Sodium

6

When a cell is at rest, what chemical is contained inside the cell?

Potassium

7

Neurotransmitter agnoist

Enhances the effect of the neurotransmitter

8

Neurotransmitter Antagonist

Inhibits the effect of the neurotransmitter

9

What does acetylcholine control?

Voluntary Movement
Memory
Cognition

10

Acetylcholine is most prevalent in which brain structure?

Hippocampus

11

Alzheimer's suggests a deficit of which neurotransmitter?

Acetylcholine

12

What are the 2 chatecholamines?

Dopamine and Norepinephrine

13

What does Dopamine control?

Movement
Thinking
Emotion

14

Most street drugs mimic which neurotransmitter?

Dopamine

15

The __________________ Hypothesis of Schizophrenia suggests that Schizophrenia results from an increase of this neurotransmitter

Dopamine

16

Traditional antipsychotics work in what way?

Dopamine antagonsist that block dopamine post-synaptic receptors

17

2nd Generation antipsychotics act on which two neurotransmitters?

Dopamine and Serotonin

18

Parkison's is due to too little of which neurotransmitter?

Dopamine

19

What drug is typically used to treat Parkinson's?

L-Dopa

20

What does L-Dopa do?

Dopamine Agonist

21

Norepinephrine is involved in?

Mood
Pain
Sleep

22

Too little norepinephrine can result in?

Depression

23

Too much norephinephrine can result in?

Mania

24

Serotonin is involved in?

Mood
Sleep
Appetite
Aggression
Sexual Activity
Pain Perception

25

Dysregulation of Serotonin can result in?

Suicidality
Impulsivity

26

What are the 3 Amino Acids?

GABA
Glycine
Glutamate

27

What effect does GABA have?

Calming

28

Anxiety is linked to a deficiency of what neurotransmitter?

GABA

29

What do GABA agonists treat?

Anxiety

30

What is the most common neurotransmitter in the brain?

Glutamate