Biological Development Throughout The Lifespan Flashcards Preview

CLEP Human Growth & Development > Biological Development Throughout The Lifespan > Flashcards

Flashcards in Biological Development Throughout The Lifespan Deck (51)
Loading flashcards...
0

Maturation

The term used to describe a genetically programmed biological plan of development that is relatively independent of experience

1

Name three changes in the areas of development

Biological development, cognitive development, and psychosocial development

2

How many chromosomes are found in the nucleus of each cell in the human body?

46

3

How are chromosomes arranged?

In pairs.

4

22 of these pairs of chromosomes are called…

Autosomes

5

In normal females, the sex chromosome pair is…

XX

6

In normal males the sex chromosome pair is?

XY

7

Biological patents pass on one set of how many chromosomes and what?

23 chromosomes in each sperm cell or ovum

8

Which parent is the determining chromosomes for sex?

The father because he can pass either the X or a Y chromosome and each sperm cell

9

Zygote

The cell that is formed following conception after the sperm penetrates the ovum

10

Someone who inherence a dominant gene recessive gene pair is called a

Carrier

11

A carrier can pass what to their offspring?

Either a dominant gene or a recessive gene

12

Genotype

Term used to describe all of the traits carried in a person's genetic material, including recessive traits

13

Phenotype

The characteristics that are actually expressed in a person

14

What is Polygenetic inheritance?

When multiple genes work together to produce a treat

15

What is the endocrine system responsible for?

Managing hormone levels in the bloodstream

16

What gland is known as the master gland?

The pituitary gland because it causes other glands to secrete hormones

17

What gland controls the pituitary gland?

The hypothalamus

18

Growth hormone comes from where and does what?

Growth hormone is secreted by the pituitary gland which stimulates physical growth and development

19

Androgens

Also known as sex hormones, and control the development of sex organs as well as secondary sex characteristics

20

Ovaries produce what?

Estrogen and progesterone

21

The first trimester is also known as this and last for how long?

Germinal., And lasts for 13 weeks at the beginning of the pregnancy

22

What is the second trimester of pregnancy and how long does it last?

It is known as the period of the embryo, and last from the 14th to the 27th week

23

The third trimester is called…, And lasts how long?

The third trimester is known as the period of the fetus, and lasts from the 28th week until birth

24

How long does the average pregnancy last?

270 days or 40 weeks

25

List the two types of twins

Monozygotic (identical twins), and dizygotic (fraternal twins)

26

What tests are a available to screen for abnormalities in prenatal development

Amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling

27

What is amniocentesis?

Testing fetal cells and amniotic fluid removed from the amniotic sac in the uterus for indicators of genetic abnormalities. Cannot be done until the 16th week of pregnancy.

28

Chorionic villus sampling

Can be done as early as the sixth week of pregnancy. Involves tiny hair cells of the membrane surrounding the fetus are extracted via a small tube inserted into the vagina. The hair cells contain genetic material from the fetus

29

Anoxia

A condition caused by reduced oxygen flow to the fetus during birth