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CLEP Human Growth & Development > Language Development > Flashcards

Flashcards in Language Development Deck (17)
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Phonemes

The smallest unit of sound that affects the meaning of speech.

The English language consists of 53 phonemes.

1

Morphemes

The smallest unit of a language that has meaning

A word can be one morpheme but morphemes are also roots, stems, prefixes, and suffixes

2

Semantics

The study of meaning in language

3

Syntax or grammar

The set of rules that determine how words are combined to make phrases and sentences

4

Phonetics

The study of how sounds are put together to make words

5

Pragmatics

Includes the social aspects of language, including politeness, conversational interactions, and conversational rules

6

Psycholinguistics

The study of the psychological mechanisms related to the acquisition and use of language

7

Noam Chomsky distinguish between a sentence is what and what?

Surface structure; the words actually spoken

Deep structure; it's underlying meaning

8

Bottom up processing and perception depends on…

The information from the senses at the most basic level, with sensory information flowing from this low level upward to higher, more cognitive levels

9

Top down processing emphasizes…

The kind of information stored at the highest level of perception and includes concept, knowledge, and prior knowledge

10

Outline language development

Cooing ➡️ babbling ➡️ holophrases ➡️ telegraphic speech ➡️ syntax acquired

11

Symantec overextension, also known as overgeneralization, occurs when...

a child uses a word to mean more then an adult speaker would

12

Holophrases

Is referred to a child one word utterance that this one word could be interpreted to mean an entire phrase.

An example would be a child points at an object and says cookie. The child may mean, there is a cookie, or I want a cookie.

13

Fast mapping

Children assign a meeting to a word very rapidly after only a brief encounter during this phase of language development

14

Mothers typically use what to techniques to help a child verbalize and communicate?

Expansion: is when a mother repeats a child verbalization after making it more complex

Recast: is repeating a child's utterance after correcting grammatical mistakes

15

According to Chomsky, a language was Asian device gives children what?

An inmate ability to process beach and understand both the fundamental relationships among words and the regularities of speech

16

Bilingualism

Having some degree of fluency and more than one language