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Flashcards in Intelligence Throughout The Lifespan Deck (33)
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Because intelligence is a hypothetical construct give some definitions of intelligence:

The capacity to acquire and use knowledge

The total body of acquired knowledge

The ability to arrive at innovative solutions to problems

The ability to deal effectively with one's environment

Knowledge of one's culture

The global capacity of the individual to act purposefully, to think rationally, and to deal effectively with the environment


Charles Spearman concluded what about intelligence?

That cognitive abilities could be narrowed down to one critical G factor, or general intelligence


JP Guilford proposed what about intelligence?

He proposed that intelligence consists of 150 distinct abilities


LL Thurstone used the statistical technique known as factor analysis to find seven independent primary mental abilities; what abilities were these?

Numerical ability, reasoning, verbal fluency, spatial visualization, perceptual ability, memory, and verbal comprehension


Raymond B. Cattell argued what in regards to intelligence?

Cattell argued that a G factor does exist, but cognitive ability consists of fluid intelligence and crystallized intelligence


Fluid intelligence

Reasoning and problem-solving


Crystallized intelligence

Specific knowledge gained from applying fluid intelligence


Robert Sternberg proposed what about intelligence?

Sternberg proposed a triarchic theory of intelligence that specifies three important parts of intelligence: componential intelligence, experiential intelligence, and contextual intelligence


Componential intelligence

Includes met the components, performance components, and knowledge acquisition components


Experiential intelligence

Provides abilities to deal with novelty and to automatize processing


Contextual intelligence

Includes practical intelligence and social intelligence


Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences proposed…

That there are seven different components of intelligence that include not only language ability, logical mathematical thinking, and spatial thinking but also musical, bodily kinesthetic, interpersonal, and intrapersonal thinking


The first effective test of intelligence was devised in the early ... by who...?

It was devised in the early 1900s by French psychologist Alfred Binet


Binet, And his colleague Theodore Simon, devised and intelligence test consisting of how many subsets containing problems of increasing difficulty



Binet and Simon introduced a scale that brought about the notion of mental age. What is mental age?

The measure of a child's intellectual level that is independent of the child chronological age


Lewis M. Terman of Stanford University and his colleagues help refine and standardized Binet's test for American children.

What was this version of the test called?

Stanford-Binet intelligence scale


Intelligence quotient is...

Calculate the IQ of a child's mental age, divided by his or her chronological age, and multiply by 100


List one major problem with the ratio IQ score

Most people's mental development slows in their late teens


David Wechsler corrected the ratio IQ problem scores by devising the…

Deviation IQ score

The deviation IQ score is calculated by converting the raw scores on each subset of the test standard scores nominalized for each age group


The Stanford-Binet intelligence scale is also known as…

Standard age score (SAS)


And what year did David Wechsler publish a test designed exclusively for adults, and what was the name of the test?


Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, Revised (WAIS-R)


Wechsler also published two scales for children and these are now known as:

Wechsler preschool and primary scale of intelligence, revised (WPPSI-R). For children forward to six years of age

Wechsler intelligence scale for children, third edition (WISC-III). For children 6 to 16 years of age


Bayley Scales of Infant Intelligence is a test designed to be used with infants aged…

2 to 30 months


Bayley Scales of Infant Intelligence includes three scales on this test. The scales are:

Motor scale, the mental scale, and the infant behavior record


Infants who take the Bayley Scales of Infant Intelligence test receive what type of quotient?

Developmental quotient (DQ)


Validity is often assessed using…

Criterion validity


Heritability as an estimate of what?

How much of a trait in a population is determined by genetic inheritance


Sandra Scarr and other researchers have shown that underprivileged children placed in homes that provide an enriched intellectual environment have shown what?

A moderate but consistent increases in intelligence


Define terminal drop

A rapid decline and intellectual performance shortly before death


Define emotional intelligence (EQ)

A person's ability to understand and adapt to, emotion and emotional situations