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Flashcards in Bordatella Deck (33)
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1

What are the species of Bordatella we are concerned with?

Bordatella pertussis
Bordatella parapertussis
Bordatella bronchiseptica
Bordatella avium

2

T/F All of the Bordatella species produce respiratory disease in either human or animal

TRUE; All 4 produce respiratory disease

3

Bordatella pertussis causes __________ in ________

whooping cough
humans

4

____________ is similar to Bordatella pertussis but causes disease much less frequently

Bordatella parapertussis

5

Bordatella parapertussis has also been associated with respiratory disease in ______

lambs

6

Bordatella bronchiseptica is the cause of what?

Atrophhic rhinitis: swine
Kennel cough: dogs
Respiratory tract infections: cats
Various disease in lab animals and seals

7

Bordatella bronchiseptica will grow on _____, while Bordatella pertussis and parapertussis will not

MAC agar

8

T/F Bordatella bronchiseptica can express different adhesins at different temperatures

TRUE; can be different at 27 C than 37 C

9

What are some of the important toxins produced by Bordatella bronchiseptica?

LPS, adenylate cyclase toxin, dermonecrotic toxin, histamine sensitizing factor

10

What does Bordatella bronchiseptica cause in pigs?

Atrophic rhinitis

11

Eventually, Bordatella bronchiseptica causes cilial stasis. What is the toxin that causes tehis?

Dermonecrotic toxin

12

Bordatella bronhciseptica in pigs usually sets up an infection with _______ that can release a toxin that causes degeneration of osteoblasts and osteocysts resulting in turbinate atrophy

Pasturella multocida type D

13

T/F Atrophic rhinitis can affect pigs of any age

FALSE; must occur when pigs are very young

14

Immunity for Bordatella bronchiseptica is primarily:

Antibody mediated

15

Bordatella bronchiseptica is one of the organisms involved in _______ in dogs, along with _______ & ______

kennel cough
canine adenovires
parainfluenza

16

T/F Bordatella bronchiseptica causes epithelial damage in pigs

TRUE; epithelium of the trachea is eventually lost

17

T/F Bordatella bronchiseptica causes epethelial damage in dogs

FALSE; epithelium stays in tact

18

Bordatella bronchiseptica is spread via _____ in dogs and has a ______ morbidity and ________ mortality

aerosol
high
low

19

About how long does immunity for Bordatella bronchiseptica in the dog last? How about recovery?

14 months
1 to several weeks

20

T/F To immunize dogs against Bordatella bronchiseptica , you as a vet should either use intranasal attenuated or subQ attenuated

Ugh maybe if you never want to have another client ever again? FALSE! Intranasal only; giving it SubQ will cause huge abscesses

21

T/F If you are not putting your dog in a kennel or in a show you probably don't need to worry about this

TRUE; or at least they're at a very low risk

22

T/F Bordatella bronchoseptica is a rampant disease problem in household cats

PSSSSH FALSE; its barely a blip

23

Bordatella bronchiseptica often causes ______ in cats, usually with a ________

respiratory tract infections
virus

24

You are off on vacation in Scotland. While peering at men in kilts, you suddenly see a seal in the distance coughing. Could this be Bordatella bronchiseptica?

WHY YES; it is likely secondary but there have been reports of secondary tracheobronchitis and pneumonia

25

_______ produces bordetellosis or rhinotracheitis in young turkey poults

Bordatella avium

26

Rhinotracheitis in young turkey poults is also known as:

coryza

27

T/F Bordatella avium is a significant disease in the turkey industry

YOU BET YOUR SWEET ASS IT IS.

28

T/F Bordatella avium is a significant disease in the chicken industry

Eh, not really. Maybe minor disease in broilers but, eh.

29

How is Bordatella avium transmitted?

Via ingestion of contaminated water or litter

30

What is the pathogenesis of Bordatella avium?

Pretty much the same as all the other ones; attaches to the epithelium in teh trachea and causes interference with clearance mechanisms