Brannigan's Building Construction for the Fire Service 5th edition Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Brannigan's Building Construction for the Fire Service 5th edition Deck (340)
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1

Number of firefighters killed in 2012 from collapse, falling through floors, running out of air, enveloped by explosion, or struck by falling debris

9

2

m'aider

Mayday

3

Considered a policing function

Inspection

4

Critical to clarify communication, enhance professionalism, ensure safety

Proper building construction terminology

5

Goes a step beyond the basic preplanning

Prefire analysis

6

Number one priority when considering the risks to any particular situation

Firefighter safety

7

Two main subjects that firefighters must throughly understand

- Fire behavior
- Building construction

8

Greatest of all firefighter enemies

Gravity

9

The eternal enemy of every building

Gravity

10

Load may be a ___ load and a ___ load at the same time

- Live load
- Impact load

11

KIP =

1000 lbs

12

Four types of forces

- Compression
- Tension
- Torsion
- Shear

13

Fire resistance is closely related to ___

Mass

14

Live loads are any load other than ___

Dead loads

15

___ loads can be accurately calculated where as ___ loads are indeterminate

- Dead loads
- Live loads

16

Office floor must be able to sustain at least ___psf as well as have the ability to sustain a load of ___psf at a specific location for individual collected heavy objects

- 50 psf
- 2,000 psf

17

Water weighs

8.34 lbs/g

18

Type of collapse that is a particular hazard in the construction of concrete frame building

Progressive colapse

19

Two types of modifications that use distance as a means to minimize the effects of a bomb exploded near the building

- Locating building away from the street
- Placing bollards (posts) and barriers

20

Shear walls resist

Lateral loads

21

Two types of framing that resist lateral wind and earthquake loads

- Braced frame
- Moment frame

22

Heavy riveting of girders to columns from top to bottom of the frame is called

Portal bracing

23

Type of floor that is designed to stiffen the building against wind and other lateral loads

Diaphragm floor

24

Externally braced buildings are known as ___, as contrasted with Core construction

Tube construction

25

An axial load is ___ to the plane

Perpendicular

26

A structure will sustain its greatest load when the load is

Axial

27

An eccentric load is ____ to the plane

Perpendicular but does not pass through the center of the section

28

Expressed as Q`

Heat release rate (HRR)

29

Information needed to asses the fire load in terms of pounds/sqft (3)

- Weight of combustable material
- Caloric value
- Floor area

30

Btu

1 pound of water 1 degree F