Business III Flashcards Preview

T.B.'s deck > Business III > Flashcards

Flashcards in Business III Deck (27):
1

What is value line?

An investment survey with professional research and recommendations on around 1,700 stocks from all sectors.

2

Valuation

The process of determining the current worth of an asset or company.

There are many techniques to do this, both subjective and objective.

3

Give an example of analyst judging valuation.

An analyst valuing a company may look at its management, the composition of its capital structure, the prospect of future earnings, and market value of assets.

Judging the contribution of a company's management would be a subjective valuation technique, while calculating intrinsic value based on future earnings would be an objective technique.

4

Windfall profits

Huge profits that occur unexpectedly due to fortuitous circumstances.

In the past, surging prices for crude oil have led to record profits for energy companies, leading to demands from politicians that they be taxed as windfall profits.

Oil companies resist paying the taxes, saying that record profits lead to record taxes paid by them.

5

Dead cat bounce

A temporary recovery from a prolonged decline or bear market, followed by a continuation of the downtrend.

6

BPS

Basis points

A basis point (or BP) is a common unit of measure for interest rates and other percentages in finance.

One basis point is equal to 1/100th of 1%, or 0.01% (0.0001).

So, 1% = 100 basis points
0.01% = 1 basis point

Example: a bond whose yield increases from 5% to 5.5% has increased 50 basis points.

Example: interest rates that have risen 1% have increased 100 basis points.

7

Ostrich

Someone who ignores news that may have a negative effect on their financial position in the hopes that it will not affect them.

8

Pig

Any investor who puts greed ahead of sound strategy.

"Pigs get slaughtered"

9

Sheep

An investor who has no investment strategy or focus of their own.
They just listen to what others say and try to glean the best info they can.

10

Who is Mario Draghi?

Head of the ECB (European Central Bank).

11

Peter Praet

ECB chief economist

12

Plaza Accord

a.k.a. "Plaza Agreement"

1985 agreement among G5 nations (France, Germany, US, UK, Japan) to manipulate exchange rates by depreciating the US dollar relative to the Japanese yen and the German deutcshe mark (it only succeeded with the latter).

Intention was to correct trade imbalances between the US and Japan and the US and Germany.

Both the yen and the deutche mark increased dramatically in value relative to the dollar.

The "Louvre Accord" was signed in 1987 to stop the continuing decline of the dollar.

13

What was an unintended consequence of the Plaza Accord?

Japan increased trade and investment with East Asia, making it less dependent on the US.

14

Outlay costs

a.k.a. Explicit costs

Any concrete business expenses that can be identified in the past, present, or future (rent, salaries, equipment maintenance).

15

Leverage

Leverage is created through options or debt.

Option example: say you have $1,000 to invest. You could buy 10 shares of GE, but to increase leverage, you could invest the $1,000 in five options contracts that would give you control of 500 shares.

(Most companies use debt to finance operations. By doing so, a company increases it's leverage because it can invest in business operations without increasing its equity.

Debt example: a company is formed with $5million from investors. The CEO can put the $5million back into the company or it can borrow $20million in debt, which it can use to invest in company operations and get a return for investors.

16

Large cap

Companies with a market cap value of more than $10 billion.

Examples: wal-mart, Microsoft, General Electric

17

Fiat money

- paper money (faith money)
- it risks becoming worthless due to hyperinflation.

Currency not backed by a physical commodity (currency that is not gold, or a chicken, etc).

The value of fiat money is derived from the relationship between supply and demand rather than what the currency is made of.

18

Nasdaq

National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations.

A global electronic marketplace for buying and selling securities as well as the benchmark index for tech stocks.

Does not have a physical trading floor like the NYSE.

19

S and P 600

An index of 600 small cap companies with market caps between 300 million and 2 billion.

20

Swing trading

Trading where you try to make all your profit in 1 to 4 days.

Swing traders look at/for price trends rather than at company fundamentals.

21

Hybrid REIT

Combines equity and mortgage REITs by investing in both properties and mortgage.

22

Blue chip stock

Stocks of blue chip companies

They are market leaders and pay dividends.

23

Net

The amount remaining after the deduction of all charges, outlay, loss, etc.

24

Small cap

A company with a market cap between $300 million and $2 billion.

25

Oversold

During a downswing, when everyone who wanted to sell has sold.

26

Scarcity

The tension between our limited resources and our unlimited wants and needs.

27

Secondary market

Where investors purchase securities or assets from other investors, rather than from issuing companies themselves.

NYSE and NASDAQ are secondary markets.