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Flashcards in Buzz Words Deck (32):
1

Acute Mountain Sickness

Acetazolamide

2

Increased Diuresis

- Hypercalcemia
- hyperphosphatemia,
- osmotic
- salicylate OD
- sed-hypnotics OD

3

Common sulfur drugs

- Acetazolamide
- Thiazides
- Furosemide
- Sulfonylureas
- chlorpropamide
- tolbutamide
- glipizide
etc)

4

Hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis

- Thiazides
- Furosemide

5

Hirsutism in females

- Excess androstenedione
- 21 Oh deficiency

6

Rhabdomyelisis

- Metabolic myopathy
- hyperkalemia
- myoglobinemia

7

Bile acid sequestrates

Interfere with the oral absorption of:
- warfarin
- digoxin
- thiazide
- cholestyramine
- colestipol

8

Cinchonism

“Tinnitus”
- quinine
- quinidine
- pramaquin
- aspirin

9

Stevens-Johnson Syndrome

- Sulfonamides
- PCNs
- barbiturates
- hydantoins
- antimalaria agent??

10

Gingival Hyperplasia

- phenytoin
- nifedipine

11

Conductance (Dromotopism)

ability to transmit the action potential through myocardial tissue

12

automaticity

ability to generate an action potential spontaneously

Normal: chronotropism (occurs in pacemaker cells)

abnromal = bathmotropism (occurs in cells other than the SA node)

13

Positive Coomb's Test

methyldopa

14

cyanide toxicity

Na+ nitroprusside

15

treatment for baldness

minoxidil (rogaine)

16

dry cough

captopril

17

lupus-like syndrome

- Hydralazine
- Isoniazid
- Methyldopa
- Procaiamide
- Sulfonamides

18

Throbbing headache

nitrates

19

Variant (prinzmetal's angina)

Angina precipitated by reversible spasms of coronary vessels

20

Dihydropyridine used to treat subarachnoid hemorrhage, cerebellar astrocytoma

Nimodipine

21

Monday disease

Nitrates (ie in ammunitions factory)

22

pulmonary fibrosis

- Bleomycin
- busulfan

(procarbazixe, amiodarone)

23

Ototoxicity

Aminoglycosides; Furosemide

24

Gynecomastia

- Cimetidine
- androgens
- ketoconazole
- spironolactone

25

Hypercalcuria

furosemide

26

nephrogenic diabetes insipidus

Thiazides

27

Sulfasalazine

5-ASA compounds, also meselamine for Crohn’s Disease

28

Antithrombin III

plus heparin- antigcoagulant

29

Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa

Fibrinolytic drugs:
- eptifibatide
- tirofiban
- abciximab

30

Cholestyramine & colestipol

Significantly reduce the absorption of cholesterol and decrease LDL.

Also decrease the intestinal absorption of warfarin, digoxin and thiazide

31

tremor

propranolol

32

hemorrhagic cystitis

Cyclophosphamide (acrolein; MESNA)