Canine Cardiomyopathy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Canine Cardiomyopathy Deck (19)
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1

What is the most common cardiomyopathy see in dogs?

DCM

2

Which breed is predisposed to familial arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy?

Boxers

3

What is DCM?

1* myocardial disease w/cardiac enlargement and impaired systolic function

4

What breeds are prone to DCM?

Large breeds (esp Doberman)

5

What type of diet is linked to DCM?

Grain-free

6

What are early clinical signs of DCM?

Fainting, exercise intolerance, asymptomatic

7

Respiratory distress results from CHF of which side of the heart?

L-CHF

8

Abdominal distention from ascites results from CHF of which side of the heart?

R-CHF

9

How do you dx DCM?

Echo w/poor contractility and shortening fraction

10

How do you treat early stages of DCM?

ACE inhibitors/pimobendan for early disease

11

How do you treat arrhythmias assoc. w/DCM?

Sotalol, amiodarone, low dose atenolol

12

What is familial arrhythmic cardiomyopathy also known as?

ARVC

13

Of what inheritance is ARVC in Boxers?

Autosomal dominant

14

What type of arrhythmias do you see with ARVC?

VPCs

15

What is a major clinical sign of ARVC?

SYncope

16

How do you diagnose ARVC?

24h holter monitor

17

When should you treat asymptomatic ARVC?

>100 VPCs/24h or runs of couplets, VT, or R-on-T

18

How do you treat ARVC dogs with syncope?

Sotolol or mexilitine + atenolol

19

How do you treat an ARVC dog with systolic dysfunction and heart failure?

Same as DCM + L-carnitine