Flashcards in More Small Animal Cardiac Conditions Deck (37)
What type of hypertrophy occurs with HCM?
What other conditions is HCM commonly assoc. with?
Hyperthyroidism, renal disease (hypertension)
Acute paraparesis and pain in the hindlimbs of a cat is usually caused by what?
Thromboembolism (saddle thrombus)
How old are Maine Coons when they're typically diagnosed with HCM?
Less than 2yo
What is the pathophysiology of HCM?
Thickened LV impairs diastolic filling
What will you see on rads of an HCM cat?
"Valentine" shaped heart
Leaflet of mitral valve obstructs LV outflow tract
Systolic anterior motion
How do you treat HCM in cats?
Atenolol, ACE inhibitors, Diltiazem, Clopidogrel
What is the goal of HCM treatment?
Increase diastolic function by decreasing HR
With which side of CHF if furosemide indicated?
What causes DCM in cats?
Which dog breed is most predisposed to DCM?
How soon does a doberman pincher usually die of DCM once diagnosed?
Within 2mo of dx
What type of hypertrophy occurs with DCM?
Which ventricle is enlarged with HCM?
Which ventricle is enlarged with DCM?
How do you treat DCM?
Pimobendan, diuretics, ACE inhibitors
When are vascular ring anomalies (PRAA) usually diagnosed?
When puppy/kitten is being weaned to solid food
Which aortic arch is usually the cause of PRAA?
Which dogs breeds are predisposed to PRAA?
GSD, Irish setter
Which breeds are predisposed to pulmonic stenosis?
Small breeds, Mastifffs
What type of hypertrophy results from pulmonic stenosis?
Which ventricle is enlarged with pulmonic stenosis?
How do you treat pulmonic stenosis?
Balloon dilation valvuloplasty
Which breeds are predisposed to aortic stenosis?
Large breeds (but NOT mastiffs)
What type of hypertrophy results from aortic stenosis?
Which ventricle in enlarged with aortic stenosis?
How do you treat aortic stenosis?
Atenolol, prophylactic abx
What does aortic stenosis predispose the animal to?