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Flashcards in More Small Animal Cardiac Conditions Deck (37)
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1

What type of hypertrophy occurs with HCM?

Concentric (pressure)

2

What other conditions is HCM commonly assoc. with?

Hyperthyroidism, renal disease (hypertension)

3

Acute paraparesis and pain in the hindlimbs of a cat is usually caused by what?

Thromboembolism (saddle thrombus)

4

How old are Maine Coons when they're typically diagnosed with HCM?

Less than 2yo

5

What is the pathophysiology of HCM?

Thickened LV impairs diastolic filling

6

What will you see on rads of an HCM cat?

"Valentine" shaped heart

7

Leaflet of mitral valve obstructs LV outflow tract

Systolic anterior motion

8

How do you treat HCM in cats?

Atenolol, ACE inhibitors, Diltiazem, Clopidogrel

9

What is the goal of HCM treatment?

Increase diastolic function by decreasing HR

10

With which side of CHF if furosemide indicated?

L-CHF

11

What causes DCM in cats?

Taurine deficiency

12

Which dog breed is most predisposed to DCM?

Doberman pinchers

13

How soon does a doberman pincher usually die of DCM once diagnosed?

Within 2mo of dx

14

What type of hypertrophy occurs with DCM?

Eccentric (volume)

15

Which ventricle is enlarged with HCM?

Left

16

Which ventricle is enlarged with DCM?

Left

17

How do you treat DCM?

Pimobendan, diuretics, ACE inhibitors

18

When are vascular ring anomalies (PRAA) usually diagnosed?

When puppy/kitten is being weaned to solid food

19

Which aortic arch is usually the cause of PRAA?

4th

20

Which dogs breeds are predisposed to PRAA?

GSD, Irish setter

21

Which breeds are predisposed to pulmonic stenosis?

Small breeds, Mastifffs

22

What type of hypertrophy results from pulmonic stenosis?

Concentric (pressure)

23

Which ventricle is enlarged with pulmonic stenosis?

Right

24

How do you treat pulmonic stenosis?

Balloon dilation valvuloplasty

25

Which breeds are predisposed to aortic stenosis?

Large breeds (but NOT mastiffs)

26

What type of hypertrophy results from aortic stenosis?

Concentric (pressure)

27

Which ventricle in enlarged with aortic stenosis?

Left

28

How do you treat aortic stenosis?

Atenolol, prophylactic abx

29

What does aortic stenosis predispose the animal to?

Valvular endocarditis

30

What is the prognosis for aortic stenosis?

Guarded b/c sudden death can occur at any time