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Flashcards in Heatstroke Deck (16)
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1

Which dogs are most predisposed to heat stroke?

Obese and brachycephalics

2

What is the primary heat dissipation method for dogs?

Panting

3

What does heat stroke lead to?

DIC, SIRS, organ dysfunction, cardiovascular collapse

4

When does heat stroke occur?

When body's ability to dissipate heat is exceeded by the heat load

5

What results from hyperthermia?

Protein denaturation, apoptosis, activation of heat shock proteins

6

What is the heat critical temperature of dogs?

106*F

7

What are clinical signs of heat stroke?

Panting, staggering, collapse, altered mentation

8

Does a heat stroke patient always present with hyperthermia?

No, depends on timeline

9

How do you cool a hyperthermic animal?

Soak fur w/tepid water and fanning

10

At what temperature should you stop cooling methods and why?

103*F to avoid peripheral vasoconstriction

11

What are the ABCs of emergency treatment?

Airway, breathing, circulation

12

What IVFT should be given to a heat stroke patient?

1-2 large bore catheters for rapid infusion of crystalloids (or colloids)

13

How do you treat acute renal failure assoc. w/heat stroke?

Mannitol, furosemide

14

In cases of rhabdomyolysis, what urine pH might prevent myoglobin precipitation in kidneys?

pH=8 (alkalinization)

15

What GI protectants can you use in heat stroke patients?

Famotidine and sucralfate

16

What is the prognosis of canine heat stroke?

Guarded (25-50% don't survive)