Flashcards in Misc Cardiac Disease Deck (53)
Which dog breed gets mitral valve endocardiosis/DMVD at a younger age?
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
What are clinical signs of DMVD?
If a patient presents with a loud L apical murmur/history of DMVD and is in acute respiratory distress, what is the problem
Ruptured chord = acute decompensation
What breeds are most commonly affected with mitral valve endocardiosis/DMVD?
Small breed, older
Which breeds are most predisposed to DCM?
Large breed - esp Dobermans, GD, GSD
How might a DCM dog present to the clinic?
Syncopal d/t arrhythmias or w/CHF
How do you treat a hypotensive DCM dog (cardiogenic shock)?
Dobutamine (beta agonist)
What is the most common acquired heart disease seen in dogs?
Mitral valve endocardiosis/degeneration
What is the most common cardiac disease seen in cats?
How do you treat HCM?
Atenolol (beta-blocker) if asymptomatic
Furosemide and enalapril once in failure
Which cats are most commonly affected by HCM?
Maine coon, ragdoll, sphynx, DSH
What feline heart disease is genetic?
What is RCM?
What causes DCM in cats?
Ventricular endocardium is fibrotic and thickened and produces a restrictive filling pattern
What other lesions might be present in a cat with DCM/taurine deficiency?
Small hyperreflective footballs next to the optic disk indicate what problem in cats?
Acute hindlimb paresis and high liver values indicates what disease in cats?
How do you treat a thromboembolism in a cat?
Heparin and pain meds
What medication should be given with any heart disease in cats?
What is a saddle thrombus?
Thromboembolism that settles at the bifurcation of the aorta
What endocrine disorder of the cat causes murmur, arrhythmias, PU/PD, and weight loss?
Feline hypertension is often caused by what diseases?
Renal disease or hyperthyroidism
Cats with hypertension have what heart chagnes?
How do you treat feline hypertension d/t renal disease?
Amlodipine (Ca channel blocker
What are clinical signs of a cat with CHF?
Bradycardia, hypotension, hypothermia
Which valves are most commonly affected by endocarditis in small animals?
Mitral and aortic
Which valve is most commonly affected by endocarditis in large animals?
How do you treat canine hypertension?
Elanapril (ACE-inhibitor), amlodipine