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Flashcards in Misc Cardiac Disease Deck (53)
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1

Which dog breed gets mitral valve endocardiosis/DMVD at a younger age?

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

2

What are clinical signs of DMVD?

CHF signs

3

If a patient presents with a loud L apical murmur/history of DMVD and is in acute respiratory distress, what is the problem

Ruptured chord = acute decompensation

4

What breeds are most commonly affected with mitral valve endocardiosis/DMVD?

Small breed, older

5

Which breeds are most predisposed to DCM?

Large breed - esp Dobermans, GD, GSD

6

How might a DCM dog present to the clinic?

Syncopal d/t arrhythmias or w/CHF

7

How do you treat a hypotensive DCM dog (cardiogenic shock)?

Dobutamine (beta agonist)

8

What is the most common acquired heart disease seen in dogs?

Mitral valve endocardiosis/degeneration

9

What is the most common cardiac disease seen in cats?

HCM

10

How do you treat HCM?

Atenolol (beta-blocker) if asymptomatic
Furosemide and enalapril once in failure

11

Which cats are most commonly affected by HCM?

Maine coon, ragdoll, sphynx, DSH

12

What feline heart disease is genetic?

HCM

13

What is RCM?

Restrictive cardiomyopathy

14

What causes DCM in cats?

Taurine deficiency

15

Ventricular endocardium is fibrotic and thickened and produces a restrictive filling pattern

RCM

16

What other lesions might be present in a cat with DCM/taurine deficiency?

Retinal lesions

17

Small hyperreflective footballs next to the optic disk indicate what problem in cats?

Taurine deficiency

18

Acute hindlimb paresis and high liver values indicates what disease in cats?

Thromboembolism

19

How do you treat a thromboembolism in a cat?

Heparin and pain meds

20

What medication should be given with any heart disease in cats?

Clopidogrel

21

What is a saddle thrombus?

Thromboembolism that settles at the bifurcation of the aorta

22

What endocrine disorder of the cat causes murmur, arrhythmias, PU/PD, and weight loss?

Hyperthyroidism

23

Feline hypertension is often caused by what diseases?

Renal disease or hyperthyroidism

24

Cats with hypertension have what heart chagnes?

Thickened LV

25

How do you treat feline hypertension d/t renal disease?

Amlodipine (Ca channel blocker

26

What are clinical signs of a cat with CHF?

Bradycardia, hypotension, hypothermia

27

Which valves are most commonly affected by endocarditis in small animals?

Mitral and aortic

28

Which valve is most commonly affected by endocarditis in large animals?

Tricuspid

29

How do you treat canine hypertension?

Elanapril (ACE-inhibitor), amlodipine

30

How do you treat a canine hypertensive crisis?

Sodium nitroprusside