Cardiocascular + Respiratory Infections Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Cardiocascular + Respiratory Infections Deck (20):
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Causes of septic shock:

E.coli - K.pneumoniae - Enterobacter
P.mirabilis - P.aeruginosa - B.fragilis
S.aureus - S.pyogenes - S.agalactiae (NEONATAL)

1

Causes of viral myocarditis:

Coxsackievirus type B

2

Cause of protozoan myocarditis:

T.cruzi

3

Causes of bacterial myocarditis:

S.aureus + E.faecalis --> complication of ENDOcarditis.
C.diphtheriae
B.burgdorferi

4

Native valve endocarditis:

1. Viridans strep
2. S.bovis
3. S.pyogenes
4. E.faecalis
5. S.aureus
6. S.epidermidis

5

IV drug users endocarditis (ofter tricuspid):

1. S.aureus
2. Streptococci
3. E.faecalis
4. P.aeruginosa
5. C.albicans !!!

6

Prosthetic valve endocarditis:

1. S.epidermidis
2. S.aureus
3. Gram(-) bacilli
4. C.albicans !!!
5. Streptococci (subacute)

7

BACTERIAL CA-pneumonia:

1. M.pneumoniae
2. S.pneumoniae
3. H.infuenza type B
4. C.pneumoniae
5. L.pneumophila
6. M.catarrhalis
7. S.aureus
8. Nocardia
9. M.tuberculosis
10. C.psittaci

8

VIRAL CA-pneumonia:

RSV and influenza virus.

9

FUNGAL CA-pneumonia:

1. C.immitis
2. H.capsulatum
3. B.dermatitidis

10

Atypical pneumonia:

1. M.pneumoniae
2. L.pneumophila
3. C.pneumoniae
4. C.burnetti
5. Viruses

11

HIV-associated pneumonia:

1. P.jiroveci
2. M.tuberculosis

12

BACTERIAL pharyngitis/laryngitis:

1. S.pyogenes
2. M.catarrhalis
3. N.gonorrhoeae
4. C.diphtheriae

13

VIRAL pharyngitis/laryngitis:

1. Common cold viruses
2. Adenoviruses
3. RSV

14

Epiglottitis:

H.influenza type B

15

Croup:

1. Mycoplasma (only one bacterial)
2. Parainfluenza virus
3. Influenza virus
4. RSV

16

Otitis externa:

P.aeruginosa

17

Otitis media:

1. S.pneumoniae
2. H.influenza type B
3. M.catarrhalis
4. S.agalactiae (NEONATAL)

18

Sinusitis:

1. S.pneumoniae
2. H.influenza type B
3. M.catarrhalis
4. S.aureus

19

Rhinitis (common cold):

1. Rhinovirus
2. Coronavirus
3. Influenza C virus
4. Coxsackieviruses type A+B
5. Parainfluenza viruses