cards/vasc Flashcards Preview

remember > cards/vasc > Flashcards

Flashcards in cards/vasc Deck (13)
Loading flashcards...
1

antihypertensive for those with bradycardia and prolonged AV conduction

nifedipine

may cause reflex tachycardia

2

fevers, fatigue and diastolic murmur at L sternal border
blood cx: gram positive cocci, catalse negative, grows on 6.5% saline

enterococcal endocarditis

From recent GU, GI, or GYN manipulation

3

Di George syndrome, which embryonic structures failed to develop

third and 4th pharyngeal pouches

4

streak ovaries

Turners syndrome

5

increased risk of what cardiac defect in turners?

coarctation of the aorta

6

young person with MI
increased serum methionine

homocystineuria

cysteine is essential

7

What nitrate agent has highest oral bioavaiability

isosorbide mononitrate
close to 100%

8

What indicates the severity of mitral regurg

presence of audible S3

9

What is the indicator of the severity of mitral stenosis

S2 to opening snap time interval

10

what type of collagen makes scar tissue

type 1

11

recent artificial valve placement
low grade fevers, dypsnia and malaise
Blood Cx: gram pos cocci in clusters, catalse positive, coag negative

treatment?

staph epidermidis

treat with vancomycin

12

What medication can cause second decree AV block?

verapamil

Ca channel blocker, type 4 antiarrythmic

13

what increased murmur for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

suddenly standing, valsalva

maneuvers increasing preload and filling the ventricle more will decrease murmur