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Where is the London Docklands?

The London Docklands is in East London and spans along the river Thames from London Bridge to London City Airport.


What was the London Docklands like in the nineteenth century up to the 1950s?

It was one of the busiest ports in the world and exported and imported a variety of products and materials as ¼ of the worlds trade came through the Docklands, this provided thousands of people with work.


What happened after the 1950s?

The area went into a steep decline of economic, social and environmental issues.


Why did the Docklands need regenerating?

Suffered extensive damage after the war
In the 1960’s many people lost their jobs due to technology. By 1981 larger ships couldn’t reach the port.
Very little activity in the late 1960’s, early 1970s.
Due to the declining docklands there were very few jobs.
Half the land was derelict.
Many of the nineteenth century housing was in urgent need of repair. Transport was poorly developed.
Lack of basic services.
Very little leisure amenities and open space.


What did the Government do to start the rebranding?

1981 –Government set up LDDC (London Docklands Development Corporation) (1981-1998).


What could Urban Development Corporations do?

They had the power to acquire land- they attracted investment by introducing tax incentives, making it easier to build things. They were what’s called, quasi-governmental organisation- they were appointed by the government but it wasn’t an official government department.


Why was the London Docklands Development Corporation set up?

Secure regeneration by bringing land and buildings into effective use
Encourage the development of existing and new industry
Create an attractive environment
Ensure that housing and social facilities were available to encourage people to live and work in the area.


What were some key features of the redevelopment ?

Canary Wharf building
Huge skyscrapers
Transport developments
London City Airport
Over 20,000 new homes
200,000 trees


Give examples of the transport redevelopments.

Extending the London Underground e.g. the Jubilee Line, new road links. Improved links meant that central London could be reached in 10 minutes. The Dockland Light Railway connects with Bank and Monument stations. The Jubilee underground gives improved access to London’s mainline stations.