Category F: Breeds DONE Flashcards Preview

KC Jr HB Questions > Category F: Breeds DONE > Flashcards

Flashcards in Category F: Breeds DONE Deck (190)
Loading flashcards...
0

What is a long narrow band of white working from the forehead downs towards the muzzle?

Stripe

1

What color skin does a white horse have?

Pink

2

The word, Pinto is a Spanish word meaning what?

Painted

3

What determines if an animal is a pony or a horse?

It's size

4

What is a written record of all relatives including mother, father, grandfather, grandmother, and great grandparents of a particular horse?

Pedigree

5

What is a horse called when it's parents are both recorded in the same breed registry and it is also eligible to be registered with the breed association?

Registered horse

6

What is the term for a horse whose mother and father are of different breeds or breed type?

Crossbred

7

Where did the quarter horse originate?

USA

8

What basic color would have a body that is basically red but varies from bright yellowish red to rich mahogany red with a mane and tail that is never black?

Chestnut

9

What color is the mane and tail of a bay colored horse?

Black

10

What coat color has a body color of black or brown with lighter areas at the muzzle, eyes, flank and inside upper legs with a dark mane and tail?

Brown

11

Where did the Clydesdale draft horse originate?

Scotland

12

Where did the American Saddle horse originate?

USA

13

Where did the Appaloosa originate?

USA

14

Where did the Arabian originate?

Arabia

15

Where did the Percheron draft horse originate?

France

16

Where did the Standardbred originate?

USA

17

Where did the Pinto registry originate?

USA

18

Where did the Palomino registry originate?

USA

19

Where did the Missouri Fox Trotting horse originate?

Missouri, USA

20

Where did the Morgan originate?

New England states, USA

21

Which breed is the oldest purebred and is found in the background of many other light breeds?

Arabian

22

Which breed has a natural fox trot gait, a rapid flat walk, and a rocking chair canter?

Missouri Fox Trotting horse

23

Where did the Paint horse originate?

USA

24

Where did the Pony of Americas originate?

USA

25

Where did the Quarter horse originate?

USA

26

Where did the Shetland pony originate?

Shetland Isles of Scotland

27

Which draft breed of horse has mostly blacks and grays for coat colors?

Percheron

28

Where did the Tennessee Walking horse originate?

Middle basin of Tennessee, USA

29

Where did the Thoroughbred originate?

England

30

Where did the Welsh pony originate?

Wales

31

What breed is usually golden with a white mane and tail?

Palomino

33

Which breed will always be no taller then 34 inches?

Miniature horse

34

Name a breed that would have small dark spots on a blanket of white on the rump, mottled skin, and striped hooves.

POA or Appaloosa

35

What is the term for the long leg hair found on the lower legs of draft horses?

Feathers or Feathering

36

Which breed is noted for its for trot gait?

Missouri Fox trotting horse

37

Which breed is known for its running walk gait?

Tennessee Walking horse

38

Which breed is known for its speed at the trot or pace in harness racing?

Standardbred

39

Which breed is known for its speed at the run in races up to 1 1/2 miles long and is also used as jumpers and dressage horses?

Throroughbred

40

What is a mark of identification that may be burned on the cheek, shoulder, or hip of the horse?

Brand

41

Many brown horses are mistakenly called what color?

Black

42

What coat color is basically red with a mane and tail that is the same color as the body or lighter?

Chestnut

43

A true white horse is born and dies what color?

White- It does not change

44

What color is some shade of yellow with a darker stripe down their back?

Dun

45

Which coat color is solid dark color or may have a few white hairs mixed with hairs of a basic and gets more and more white hairs in its coat as it gets older?

Grey

46

What coat color is spotted with more than one one color in large irregular patches or spots?

Pinto

47

What coat color has white hairs mixed in with another darker color with out adding more white hairs as it gets older?

Roan

48

What roan color has white hairs mixed with a chestnut base coat color?

Strawberry roan

49

What roan color has white hairs mixed in with a bay base coat color?

Red roan

50

What roan color has white hairs mixed in with a black base coat color?

Blue roan

51

What face marking is a small clearly defined area of white hairs on the forehead called?

Star

52

What face marking is a small patch of white which runs over the muzzle, often to the lips?

Snip

53

What face marking is a long narrow band of white working from the forehead down towards the muzzle called?

Stripe

54

What face marking is a wide white stripe down the face called?

Blaze

55

What face marking has white over most of the flat surface of the face, often including the eyes and nostrils?

Bald face

56

What is the normal color of the eye of most horses?

Brown

57

What leg marking is a white strip covering the coronet band?

Coronet

58

What leg marking is white extending from the coronet to and including the pastern?

Pastern

59

What leg marking is white extending from the coronet to and including the fetlock?

Ankle

60

What leg marking is white extending from the coronet to the middle of the cannon?

Half stocking

61

What leg marking is white extending from the coronet to and including the knee or hock?

Full stocking

62

What is a tail that has very little hair on it?

Rat tailed

63

What color term describes black mane, tail, ear tips, muzzle and legs?

Black points

64

What coat color is more or less a uniform mixture of white with black hairs on the body, but usually darker on the head and lower legs?

Blue roan

65

What hair coat color will have dark eyes and totally pink skin?

White

66

Which breed of horse is known as the "horse with the fine walk"?

Paso Fino

67

What coat color has a body that is yellowish or gold with a mane and tail what is black with black on the lower legs?

Bucksin

68

What is the rarest pinto pattern?

Splashed white

69

Which breed began in 1978 in Arlington, Texas for registering the smallest possible perfect horse?

American Miniature Horse

70

What coat color is yellowish or gold with a mane and tail that is black, brown, red, yellow, white, or mixed, usually has a dorsal stripe, zebra stripes on the legs and transverse stripe over the withers?

Dun

71

What coat color is golden yellow with a mane and tail that is white with no dorsal stripe?

Palomino

72

Which registry's objective is to breed the smallest possible perfect horse?

American Miniature Horse Association

73

What coat color has a body color of brown or black with light areas at the muzzle, eyes, flank, and inside of the upper legs with a black mane and tail?

Brown

74

What is a group of animals that has certain distinguishable characteristics, such as color, function, and conformation and that passes these traits to the next generation?

Breed

75

What coat color ranges from tan through reddish brown, with black mane and tail and usually black on lower legs?

Bay

76

What coat color has a body color that is yellowish or flesh-colored with a mane, tail, and dorsal stripe that are red?

Red dun

77

BONUS Q: Name the 4 identifiable characteristics which in part or combination will earn an appaloosa regular registration with the ApHC.

Coat pattern, mottled skin, vertically striped hooves, white sclera around the eye

78

What is the most common white pattern in horses?

White markings on face and legs

79

What is the most common pinto pattern?

Tobiano

80

Which pinto pattern will often have a bald face, at least one leg will be dark in color and body markings are usually irregular, scattered or splashy white markings that commonly do not cross the back between the withers and tail?

Overo

81

Of the many different pinto color patterns, which one is the most common and which one is the least common?

Most common: Tobiano
Least common: Splashed white

82

Who was the first breeder to breed mules in North America?

George Washington

83

Which basic coat color will most likely have a flaxen mane and tail?

Chestnut

84

What is a color breed?

Horses with special color patterns

85

Where did the Appaloosa get its name?

From the Palouse River country

86

Who developed the American Saddlebred?

Southern plantation owners (planters)

87

The King Ranch developed modern Quarter horses for cattle work from what stallion?

Old Sorrel

88

What is the skewbald color?

Any spotted color except black with white

89

What is the oldest pure breed existing today?

Arabian

90

What is the fastest horse in the world in short sprints?

Quarter horse

91

What is the color term used to describe a black and white spotted horse?

Piebald

92

What is a cold blooded horse?

A horse with draft horse breeding

93

What is a horse of eastern or oriental breeding called?

Hot blooded horse

94

Where would zebra stripes be found on a horse?

Legs and/or withers

95

What is it called when the color of a brown or bay horse is faded out around the mouth?

Mealy mouthed (mulish)

96

The term, black points, indicates what two parts of the horse will be black or dark colored?

Mane and tail

97

What color term describes a mane and tail that is straw yellow or dirty white?

Flaxen

98

What term describes a gray horse with small specks of black or reddish specks on a white background?

Flea bitten

99

What color term describes darker spots that are embossed on the coat color usually most common in gray horses?

Dappled

100

What breed has these three stallions in its beginnings, the Darley Arabian, Byerly Turk, Godolphin Barb and originated in England?

Throgoughbred

101

Which breed is registered in the Jockey Club?

Thoroughbred

102

What is the male parent of a foal called?

Sire

103

What is the common term for an eye that is blue or whitish in color?

Glass eye

104

The hackney pony was developed from the Hackney horse by crossing it with what?

Small spirited Welsh ponies

105

BONUS Q: Name 3 areas on a dun horse that may be striped.

Dorsal stripe on back, zebra stripes on legs, transverse stripe over withers

106

Who was the first well-known pony-type Hackney?

Sir George

107

What breed associations was the first to be founded in the United States?

American Saddlebred Horse Association

108

The IBHA registers horses of what 4 colors?

Buckskin, dun, red dun and grulla

109

The Horse Circuit News is the official publication for which breed?

Buckskin

110

How is a brown horse distinguished from a true black horse?

Brown horses appears black but has lighter areas around its eyes, muzzle, flank and inside of upper portion of its legs

111

Which breed is so gentle, affectionate and extremely portable that they are often taken to nursing homes, chronic care facilities, and children's hospitals?

Miniature horse

112

Which pinto pattern is the rarest and appears as excessive white on the legs, face and lower body but is a very crisp marking?

Splashed white

113

Which breed was developed in Great Britain in the early 18th century from the Darley Arabian through his son, Flying Childrens and grandson, Blaze- a renown British Thoroughbred and was mainly used as a carriage horse by English sportsmen and aristocrats?

Hackney

114

What is the maximum percentage of dark hairs in the mane and tail of a palomino?

15%

115

Which breed was also called "Karster" and is associated with the Spanish Riding School in Vienna?

Lipizzan

116

Name the only face marking that has 3 parts in its description.

Star, stripe, snip

117

Name 2 markings that have more white on the horse's face than a blaze or baldface.

Bonnet-face and apron-face

118

Describe the 'calico' hair coat color on horses.

Excessive white on legs and face, splashes and roaning on belly and body

119

What term applies to a horse that belongs to a specific breed and has 'papers' to document its ancestors?

Registered horse

120

Which unique breed of horse has been called 'America's 500-year old new breed'?

Paso Fino

121

Where is the home of the American Quarter Horse Association?

Amarillo, Texas

122

What is the registerable height limit for the American Miniature Horse?

34 inches or 8.2 hands.

123

Name 2 coat colors that must have a dorsal stripe/

Dun and Grulla
(Buckskin is not acceptable)

124

Which English pony breed has a breed characteristic of "toad eyes" which are prominent eyebrows?

Exmoor Pony

125

The WSFI promotes and governs what type of riding?

Siddesaddle

126

The 2 predominant families -- the Belvedere's and the Peavine's, are the foundation for which breed?

Golden American Saddlebred

127

Which breed contains animals of both horse and pony sizes?

Hackney

128

Which breed of English pony is native to the Yorkshire area of England and were bred specifically for the Pennine Lead industry and pack ponies?

Dales pony

129

Which breed is known as the "Aristocrat of the Show Ring" and for its animation?

Hackney

130

What is the breed registry for the thoroughbred?

The Jockey Club

131

What are the 2 most common colors of the Gotland horse?

Bay and Dun

132

Which pony breed is one of the oldest known types of horses and was found in England since the last Ice Age?

Exmoor pony

133

What is the breed registry for the Standardbred?

US Trotting Association

134

What are the 3 basic coat patterns of the paint horse?

Tobiano, overo, tovero

135

Name the horse coat color that usually begins with a solid color and gets lighter with age as more and more white hair appears.

Gray

136

Which breed of horse is noted for its color patterns of snowflake, leopard, and white blanket on the rump and was developed by the Nez Pierce Indians?

Appaloosa

137

Which breeds were crossed to produce the Anglo-Arabian?

Thoroughbred and Arabian

138

What body color is a mixture of white with any colored hair and gets lighter with age?

Gray

139

What height in inches must a miniature horse NOT exceed?

34 inches

140

Which breed began in 1974 for promoting saddlebreds with a golden hue with white or flaxen manes and tails?

Golden American Saddlebred horse

141

Of the many different pinto color patterns, which one is the most common and which one is the least common?

Most common: Tobiano
Least common: Splashed white

142

Appaloosas can be registered as Appaloosas if they are the offspring of an Appaloosa or what other 3 approved breeds?

Quarter horse, Thoroughbred, Arabian

143

Name the breed of horse that is homozygous for the Dn gene.

Fjord horses

144

What are the 2 blood types recognized by the American Miniature Horse Association?

Arabian and Quarter type

145

What coat color is dark red or brownish red with a mane and tail that us usually dark red, brownish red or flaxen?

Chestnut

146

Which form of dun has a body color that is yellowish or flesh-colored with a mane, tail and dorsal stripe that are red?

Red dun

147

What coat color is reddish or copper-red with a mane and tail usually the same color as the body but may be flaxen?

Sorrel

148

What coat color is a more or less uniform mixture of white with red hairs on the body, but usually darker on the head and lower legs and can have red, black or flaxen mane and tail?

Red roan

149

What coat color is a mixture of white with any colored hairs, often born solid-colored or almost solid colored and gets lighter with age as more white hairs appear?

Gray

150

If you were looking through the annual auction reviews published by the Blood Horse, which breed would be listed?

Thoroughbreds

151

Name 2 colors that are always heterozygous.

Roans and whites

152

Name 3 different color patterns for the Appaloosa.

Blanket, leopard, frost, snowflake, marble

153

Name 2 breeds of ponies.

Shetland, POA, welsh

154

What are the 2 distinct pattern markings of the pinto called?

Tobiano and overo

155

What are the 5 basic coat colors of horses?

Bay, black, chestnut, white, brown

156

What are the 5 major variations of the coat colors?

Dun (buckskin), gray, palomino, pinto, and roan

157

What is the book of record published by breed registry associations fore purebred horses, ponies or jacks?

Stud book

158

What is the organization formed for the purpose of keeping records of the ancestry of individuals within a breed or registry and to promote the breed of registry?

Registry association

159

What is the written record of the ancestry of an animal, issued by the registry association?

Registration certificate

160

What is a horse breeding establishment or farm called?

Stud

161

What is a term for a breeding stallion?

Stud horse

162

Where did the thoroughbred originate?

England

163

Name 3 breeds in the ancestry of the Tennessee Walking horse.

Morgan, Thoroughbred, Standardbred, Saddlebred

164

Where did the Shetland pony originate?

Shetland Isles of Scotland

165

Which breed descended from the Thoroughbred, Morgan, Norfolk trotter, Barb, and Canadian racers?

Standardbred

166

Which breed descended from the Thoroughbred, Morgan, Saddlebred and Standardbred?

Tennessee Walking horse

167

Which breed can trace its beginnings to the 1600s along the Eastern sea coast and it now is based in Amarillo, Texas?

Quarter horse

168

Which breed originated in the rugged hill country of Wales?

Welsh

169

Which breed is descended from three stallions: Darley Arabian, Dyerly Turk and Godolphin Barb?

Thoroughbred

170

Which breed has 4 divisions that are based on the height of the animal?

Welsh

171

Which breed has 4 divisions that are based on the differnt types of conformation of the animal?

Pinto

172

Which breed is known as the breed of blacks and grays?

Percheron

173

Which breed originally only accepted horses that had paced or trotted a mile in 2 minutes and 30 seconds or less?

Standardbred

174

Which breed exceeds all other breeds at racing distances at 6 furlongs to 1 1/2 miles?

Thoroughbred

175

Thoroughbreds are known as excellent race horses, name 2 other events in which they are noteworthy athletes.

Polo, dressage, combined training, jumping, steeple-chasing

176

Where did the paint horse originate?

Texas

177

Which breed of horse was breed by the Nez Pierce Indians?

Appaloosas

178

In 1730, the first horses of which breed were imported into America from Arabia?

Arabians

179

Where did the Clydesdale originate?

Southern Scotland

180

What is the oldest purebred breed?

Arabian

181

Who was the first breeder of mules in North America?

George Washington

182

Name the type of horses that would be registered by the International Arabian Horse Association.

Half-Arabians and Anglo-Arabians

183

Which breed was developed from the saddle horses by settlers in Ozarks?

Missouri Fox Trotting horse

184

Which breed started from English and Dutch mine horses and were brought to the US in the 19th century?

Shetland pony

185

What is the term for characteristics of a breed that distinguish it from other breeds, such as function, conformation and/or color?

Breed character

186

What is the term for owner of the dam at time of breeding?

Breeder

187

How does the term breeder differ in the Jockey Club versus other breeds?

Jockey Club refers to the owner of the mare at the time of foaling while other breeds refer to the owner of the mare at the time of breeding

188

Which is the term for those characteristics commonly accepted as ideal for a particular breed?

Breed type

189

Name a breed whose registry association is located in Illinois.

Clydesdale Breeders of the USA and American Shetland Pony Club

190

What are the 4 conformation types of pinto breed?

Stock type, hunter type, pleasure type, saddlebred type