Section C--anatomy/parts of horse Flashcards Preview

KC Jr HB Questions > Section C--anatomy/parts of horse > Flashcards

Flashcards in Section C--anatomy/parts of horse Deck (20)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is the bodies natural barrier to bacteria?

Skin

2

What are the four (4) stages of healing skin?

Hemostatis, inflammation, proliferation, maturation

3

What are the three (3) events that help stop bleeding?

Vasoconstriction, activation of platelets, inatation of clotting cascade

4

What is another name for platelets?

Thrombocytes

5

What are four ways the body signals an injury has occurs?

Rubor-redness, Calor-heat, Dolor-pain, Tumor-swelling

6

What do white blood cells do?

Fight bacteria, and remove damaged or dead cells

7

What are the first white blood cells to go to the injury site?

Neutrophils

8

In healing what is the proliferation stage?

Creation of new tissue and the healing of blood cells

9

During the maturation phase of healing what happens?

Collagen fibers and fibroblast cells re-organize in lines and promote proper tension and tissues

10

What is another name for exuberant granular tissue?

Proud flesh

11

What are some things that can cause problems with the integument?

Bacteria, fungi, tumors, parasites

12

What are some possible factors that cause proud flesh to grow?

Injuries in areas of high movement, infected tissues, wounds left open to heal, limited intact healthy skin to cover the wound, injury in an area that has little muscle or subcutaneous tissue

13

How many muscles does the horse have on its body?

over 700

14

What are the 3 types of muscle in the body?

Smooth, cardiac, and skeletal

15

What is the function of muscles?

To generate movement and thermoregulation

16

Why do muscles work in pairs?

To prevent injuries over extension and create movement back and forth

17

What is the thin muscle which covers the whole body and is more developed in the horse than many other species?

Panniculus

18

What muscles causes the angle of hair follicles to maintain body warmth?

Arrectores pilorum

19

What are the 5 parts of a muscle?

Fasciles, sacrolemma, sacromere, myofibrils, sacroplasmic, reticulum

20

What are the 2 types of skeletal muscle?

Fast and slow