Category C: Anatomy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Category C: Anatomy Deck (222)
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1

What part of the horse is used mainly to support the horse at rest?

Front legs

2

Which legs have more lameness and unsoundnesses?

Front legs because they support more weight

3

Which feet grow faster, the front or the hind?

Hind because they support less weight

4

Why should a horse have large nostrils?

because they cant breathe through their mouth

5

How many bones are found in the horses neck regardless of how long or short the neck is?

Seven

6

What is the ideal angle of the shoulder and pasterns of the horse?

45 degrees

7

What are the feeler hairs on the horse's muzzle and eyes commonly called?

Whiskers

8

A healthy horses hooves grow how much per month?

3/8 to 1/2 inch

9

When a normal healthy horse is walking, what part of the hoof is the last to touch the ground: the heel, toe or frog?

toe

10

The lateral cartilages are wing-like structures attached to the sides or wings of the what?

Coffin bone (Pedal bone)

11

Which teeth are used to determine the age of the horse?

Front teeth or incisors

12

How many teeth will a ten month old foal of either sex have?

24--12 incisors (front teeth) and 12 pre molars (grinding teeth)

13

How many teeth will a mature male horse have?

40 (42 if they have wolf teeth) --24 molars (grinding teeth), 12 incisors (front teeth) and 4 canine teeth

14

How many teeth will a mature mare have?

36 -- 12 incisors and 24 molars. mares do not usually have canine teeth

15

Muscles that control leg movement end at what part of the horses leg?

At the knees and hocks

16

What is the average number of cheek teeth located on each side of the jaw?

6 teeth on each jaw

17

What is the part of the hoof that lies between the wall and the frog and covers most of the bottom surface of the hoof?

sole

18

what part of the hoof lies between the wall and the sole and forms a light colored line around the inside of entire hoof wall?

White line

19

What is the triangular shaped wedge that lies in the middle of the hoof between the sole and the heel?

frog

20

What part of the horse is located on top of the head and between the ear?

poll

21

What part of the horse is located at the very bottom of the horse leg and needs to be trimmed every 6-8 weeks?

hoof

22

What is the long hair that falls down the horses face and helps keeps bugs out of the horses eyes?

forelock

23

What is the long hair that the horses uses to swish away flies and other pest found at the rear end of the horse?

tail

24

What is the long hair found along the neck of the horse between the ears and the withers?

mane

25

How many cheek teeth does an adult horse have?

24

26

How many permanent teeth does a full grown mare have?

36 teeth

27

What are the slender teeth in front used for biting grass, feed and etc?

Incisors

28

What is another name for the loin?

Coupling

29

What part of the tooth fist appears as a narrow yellow mark in the front of the central enamel ring and changes to dark circles near the center of the tooth as the horse ages?

Dental star

30

At what age does a horse become smooth mouthed?

11 years