Category E: History and Evolution DONE Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Category E: History and Evolution DONE Deck (22)
0

What is the oldest purebred existing today?

Arabian

1

What does the Anglo-Saxon word,
hors, mean?

Swiftness

2

What does the Greek word, eos, mean?

Dawn

3

What was the first ancestor if the modern horse called?

Eohippus

4

What is the original meaning for the word, eohippus?

Dawn horse

5

What is the final stage of evolution of the horse?

Equus

6

Why did plantation owners in the south develop the saddlebred?

They wanted an easy gaited horse to ride in the fields all day but would look fancy for Sunday visiting.

7

How did the horse get brought back to North America after disappearing in the Ice Age?

By Spaniards in the sixteenth century

8

The first horse originated about how long ago?

58 million years ago

9

Where did the first horse live?

The Great Plains of North America

10

How tall was the first ancestor of the horse?

12 inches tall

11

How many toes did eohippus have on each foot?

Four toes on the front and three toes on the back

12

What was the second stage of evolution of the horse?

Mesohippus

13

How tall was mesohippus?

24 inches tall

14

How tall was eohippus?

12 inches tall

15

How many toes did mesohippus have on each foot?

Three toes on each foot

16

Which toe was largest on mesohippus?

The middle toe

17

What stage of evolution of the horse developed teeth suitable for grazing?

Mesohippus

18

How did horses get to Asia before dying out in North America about one million years after Eohippus roamed the Great Plains?

They crossed the Bering Strait, which was a land bridge at the time between Alaska and Siberia

19

Which Spanish explorer was credited with bringing the first spotted horses to the North American continent?

Cortez

20

BONUS Q: Name 3 ways the horse has served man.

Beast of burden, war machine, recreation, source of food.

21

BONUS Q: Name 3 characteristics of eohippus.

Short neck, 12 inches tall, four toes on front feet, three toes on back feet, lived in swamps and forests, had even teeth