Flashcards in Category A-- Bonus Questions Deck (15)
name 3 important factors about your horse to consider when balancing a ration.
Age, weight, type of work a horse is preforming
name 3 things that happen to hay that has started to ferment.
Energy value is lost, hay becomes dusty, moldy &has a dark color, heating occurs & can start a fire
name 4 factors that can cause the requirements of nutrients to change
age, size health environment (maintenance, gestation, lactation, work)
Name 5 factors that will affect the water needs of a horse.
age, health, size, activity (maintenance, gestation, lactation, work), type of feed eaten, environment.
Name 2 activities that would cause the greatest increase in the water needs of a horse.
Lactation and moderate to heavy work
name 4 functions of water as a nutrient
regulates body temp., necessary of life and shape of all cells, transports nutrients to and wastes away from cells, lubricates and protects body, necessary parts of all body fluids
name the 5 essential amino acids needed by the horse
Lysine,theronine, valine, leucine, isoleucine, histsdine, agrinine, tryptophan, methionine, phenyalamine
how is excess consumed protein used by the body
nitrogen is removed from the amino acids and excreted in the urine. carbon hydrogen and oxygen remaining from the amino acids is used for energy like carbohydrates.
Name 4 B-Complex Vitamins
Thiamine, Riboflavin, niacin, pyrimidine, panthothenic acid, biotin, choline. folic acid, cobalamine
Name 4 macro minerals
Calcium, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, sulfur, sodium, chloride
Name 4 trace or micro minerals.
Copper zinc, iron, manganese, iodine, selenium, colbalt
Name 3 mirco minerals and 3 macro minerals
Miro-- Copper, zinc, iodine, manganese, iron, selenium, cobalt,
Macro-- Calcium, phosphorus, sodium, chloride, potassium, magnesium, sulfur
Name 4 factors that affect the leafyness of a hay
kind and species of forage, stage of maturity when cut, weather conditions while growing and while curing, and curing procedures.
Name 3 major factors used to evaluate the potential of land selected for a pasture
Carry capacity ( number of horses that can be properly grazed), potential nutritional value, present condition (renovate, reestablish or left alone)