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Flashcards in Catholic Reformation Deck (11):
1

What were the two dimensions of the catholic response?

1) aimed at reforming the Catholic Church
2) aimed at exterminating the Protestant movement

2

When did the Catholic Church start responding to the Protestant movement?

By middle of the 16th century (1550s)

3

What was the Society of Jesus?

Founded (1534) by Ignatius Loyola
Jesuits -as they were called- focused on education, building schools and universities
Served as missionaries

4

What was the council of Trent? (1545-63) Why was it put in place?

-Catholic Church abolishes 4/5 abuses (simony, pluralism, absenteeism, nepotism)
-also changed indulgences back to the original form (only pays penance for sins)
-put in place to reform Catholic Church

5

What were certain doctrines reemphasized with the Council of Trent?

-clerical celibacy (strictly enforced)
-transubstantiation
-7 sacraments
-doctrine of good works
-veneration of saints

6

What contributions did capuchin monks bring?

They were very active in charity
They were supposed to be good examples & help others
This helped people like the Catholic Church more

7

Who were Ursulines?

Nuns focused on educating women

8

What did the Catholic Church do in order to exterminate the protest reformation?

They sent the Inquisition

9

What was the Inquisition?

old institution within the catholic church
-investigated charges of heresy
-expected to combat all perceived threats to orthodoxy & catholic church's authority

10

What was another aggressive measure to the Protestant reformation from the Catholic Church?

Censorship; they censored books considered as unorthodox

11

What was the Index of Banned (Prohibited) Books?

List of books that were considered unorthodox or at odds with the church's teachings