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Flashcards in central nervous system Deck (45):
1

CP

cerebral palsy

2

sciatica

pain affecting the back, hip , and outer leg caused by the compression of the spinal nerve root in the lower back

3

encephal/o

brain

4

crani/o

skull

5

cephal/o

head

6

cerebell/o

cerebellum - located in lower back of cranium; responsible for balance and coordination

7

cerebr/o

cerebrum - largest, uppermost portion of the brain; thinking part

8

paralysis, -paresis, -plegia

loss of sensation and voluntary muscle movement

9

meninges

mening/o, mening/i - layers around the brain and spinal cord

10

nerve root

radic/o, radicul/o, rhiz/o

11

mononeuropathy

mon/o - one, neur/o - nerve - condition that affects a single nerve

12

hemiparesis or hemiplegia

paralysis on one side of the body

13

paraplegia

paralysis of both legs and lower body

14

myel/o

spinal cord or bone marrow; pathway for nerve impulses between brain, limbs, and lower body

15

quadriplegia

paralysis of all four extremities

16

monoplegia

paralysis of one limb or area

17

sensory organs

ears, eyes, nose, skin (touch), tongue

18

ADD

attention deficit disorder

19

ADHD

attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder

20

anesthesiologist

an-without, esthesi/o-feeling, specialist of controlling feeling during a procedure

21

psychologist

not MD, psych/o- mind and emotions; specialist of mind and emotions

22

concussion

violent shaking or jarring of the brain

23

psychiatrist

MD, -iatrist=specialist, -iatry=study of, field of

24

conscious

being alert, awake, aware, responsive,

25

A&O

alert and oriented

26

syncopal episode

fainting episode, brief loss of consciousness

27

LOC

loss of consciousness or level of consciousness

28

coma

deep state of unconsciousness, no response to pain or speech

29

aneurysm

localized weak-spot or balloon-like enlargement of the wall of an artery; often fatal if ruptured

30

stroke

damage to brain that occurs when blood flow to brain is disrupted (blockage or rupture)

31

TIA

transient ischemic attack; little strokes warning

32

A + O x 3

alert and oriented times three (person, place, and time)

33

aphasia

a- without, -phasia=speech, loss of ability to speak, write, comprehend language; often due to brain damage associated with stroke

34

MS

multiple sclerosis

35

hyperesthesia

over sensitivity

36

seizure, convulsion, -ictal

sudden, violent, involuntarly contraction of a group of muscles caused by a disturbance in brain function

37

preictal

time before a seizure

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postictal

time after a seizure

39

CAT

computed axial tomography

40

PERRLA

pupils are equal, round, responsive to light and accommodation

41

analgesic

drug that relieves pain without affecting consciousness

42

anesthesia

an=without, no; -esthesia=feeling; absence of normal sensation, especially pain

43

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

44

EEG

electroencephalogram

45

HA

headache