Special Senses: the Eyes and Ears Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Special Senses: the Eyes and Ears > Flashcards

Flashcards in Special Senses: the Eyes and Ears Deck (35):
1

opt/o

eye(s) or vision

2

optic/o

eye(s) or vision

3

ocul/o

eye(s) or vision

4

ophthalm/o

eye(s) or vision

5

corne/o, kerat/o

cornea (transparent, outer layer of eye, maintains shape and protects the inner portion)

6

cor/o, pupill/o

pupil (black circular portion of eye, allows light to enter eye)

7

ir/o

iris (colored portion of the eye, surrounds the pupil)

8

retin/o

retina (converts images into electrical impulses, transmits images to the brain)

9

blephar/o

eyelid (protects the eye from foreign matter, excessive light, an impact

10

conjunctiv/o

conjunctiva (mucous membrane lining of the eyelid and sclera) also called pink eye

11

scler/o

sclera (white of the eye)

12

dacry/o

tear, tear duct

13

cataract

the clouding of the lens of the eye

14

glaucoma

the loss of peripheral vision, "tunnel vision"

15

strabismus

crossing of the eyes, "lazy eye", disorder in which eyes can not be directed toward the same object

16

astigmatism

unequal curvature of the cornea, causes eye to not focus properly

17

hyperopia

vision condition, "farsightedness", most common after the age of 40

18

myopia

vision condition, "nearsightedness", most commonly detected in school-age children

19

diplopia

double vision (dipl/o = two, double)

20

monochromatism

color blindness (mono = one, chromat/o = color)

21

nyctalopia

"night blindness" nyctal/o = night

22

cryoretinopexy

cry/o=cold, -pexy=surgical fixation of the retina by using extreme cold (carbon dioxide)

23

photophobia

phot/o=light, -phobia=fear of, abnormal fear or sensitivity to light

24

ophthalmoplegia

-plegia=paralysis, paralysis of the eye muscle

25

conjunctivitis

pink eye

26

PERRLA

pupils are equal, round, responsive to light and accomodation

27

aur/o, aur/i, ot/o

ears

28

acous/o, audi/o

hearing

29

tympanic membrane

tympan/o=eardrum, transmits sound vibrations

30

cochle/o

snail-shaped portion that contains organ of hearing

31

otitis media

inflammation of the middle ear, usually associated with an URI in children

32

vertigo

dizziness, whirling, loss of balance

33

tinnitus

ringing, buzzing, or roaring sound in the ear

34

presbycusis

a progressive hearing loss occurring in old age

35

-opia

eye(s) or vision