Central Nervous System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Central Nervous System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Central Nervous System Deck (48):
1

Cephal/o

Head

2

Crain/o

Skull

3

Cerebell/o

Cerebellum
Located at lower back of cranium
Balance and coordination

4

Cerebr/o

Cerebrum
Largest uppermost part of brain
Thinking part

5

Cognitive

Our ability (or lack of) to think, learn, and memorize

6

Meninges

Mening/o, mening/i
Layers around brain and spinal column

7

Nerve root

Radic/o, radicul/o, rhiz/o

8

Mononeuropathy

Mon/o
Neur/o
Condition that affects a single nerve

9

Myel/o

Spinal cord or bone marrow
Pathway for nerve impulses between brain, limbs, and lower body

10

Neur/o

Nerves
Receives and transmits message to and from all Parts of the body

11

Sensory organs

Ears, eyes, nose, skin (toungue)

12

Anesthesiologist

An- = without
Esthesi/o = feeling

Specialist

13

Psychologist

Not MD
psych/o = mind and emotions

14

Psychiatrist

-iatrist = specialist
-iatry = study of, field of

15

Conscious

Being alert, awake, aware, responsive

16

A&O

Alert and oriented

17

Syncopal episode

Fainting spell
Brief loss of consciousness

18

LOC

Loss of consciousness or level of consciousness

19

Coma

Deep state of unconsciousness
No response to pain, no speech

20

Aneurysm

Localized weak spot or balloon like enlargement of the wall of an artery
Often fatal if ruptured

21

Stroke

Damage to brain that occurs when blood flow to brain is disrupted (blockage)

22

TIA

Transient ischemic attack
Little strokes warning

23

Aphasia

A- without
-phasia means speech
Loss of ability to speak, write, comprehend - related to brain damage from stroke

24

Hyperesthesia

-esthesia = feelings or sensations
Hyper sensitive sensations or reactions to things

25

Seizure

Convulsions,
-ictal = seizure
Sudden, violent, involuntary contraction of a group of muscles caused by disturbances in brain function

26

Preictal

Time before a seizure

27

Postictal

Time after seizure

28

Encephal/o

Brain; coordinates all body activities

29

cerebral contusion

bruising of the brain; result of head injury

30

cranial hematoma

tumor of blood trapped in brain tissue

31

encephalitis

inflammation within the head (brain)

32

neuropathy

nerve disease

33

Alzheimers

disease associated with loss of memory (degeneration)

34

cephalalgia

headache, head pain

35

neurologist

nerve specialist

36

poliomyelitis

inflammation of grey matter of spinal cord

37

neurectomy

surgical removal of a nerve

38

electroencephalography

recording electrical brain wave activitiy

39

addiction

an uncontrollable dependence on a substance

40

neurotomy

surgical incision of the nerves

41

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

42

psychology

study of the mind

43

echoencephalogram

sonogram (ultrasound) image of the brain

44

myoparesis

muscle paralysis

45

neurorraphy

suturing of the nerve

46

CT, CAT

computed (axial) tomography

47

PERRLA

pupils are equal, round, and responsive to light and accomodation

48

TIA

transient ischemic attack (little stroke)