Unit 6 - Urinary System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Unit 6 - Urinary System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 6 - Urinary System Deck (31):
1

nephr/o ren/o

kidney(s) (removes waste from blood)

2

pyel/o

renal pelvis (collects urine and passes to ureter; *not pelvic area*)

3

ureter/o

ureter (carries urine from kidneys to bladder)

4

cyst/o vesic/o

bladder (hollow organ that holds urine)

5

urethr/o

urethra (passes urine from bladder to outside the body)

6

urin/o ur/o -uria

urine (liquid waste produced by the kidneys)

7

albumin/o

albumin (type of protein found in urine)

8

glyc/o glycos/o

sugar (glucose; in urine sign of diabetes)

9

lith/o

stone(s) (form in the kidney and travel through urinary system)

10

calculus, calculi (pl)

terms that refer to stone(s)

11

urea

waste product (physicians use to diagnose kidney disorders *uria means urine*)

12

UA, ua

urinalysis

13

KUB

kidneys, ureter, bladder

14

IVP

intravenous pyelogram (gram- record, image) special x-ray exam of the kidney, bladder, and ureter

15

cath

catheter; catheterization (flexible tube inserted into the bladder to drain urine)

16

ARF

acute renal failure (sudden kidney failure)

17

CRF

chronic renal failure (loss of kidney function slowly over time)

18

UTI

urinary tract infection (bacterial infection of bladder or urethra)

19

BUN

blood urea nitrogen (test done to see how well kidneys are working)

20

micturition, voiding

urination, excretion of urine from the body

21

incontinence, enuresis

involuntary urination (inability to control excretory functions)

22

olig/o

scanty; few; very little (very little urine produced or excreted)

23

cystolithotomy

surgical incision to remove stone from the bladder

24

noct/i

night (nocturia; urinating at night)

25

uremia

blood in the urine

26

-ptosis

drooping, sagging, floating (nephroptosis; drooping, sagging, floating, kidneys)

27

-tripsy

surgical crushing (nephrolithotripsy; surgical crushing of a stone in the kidney)

28

-lysis

breaking down; destruction (hemodialysis)

29

-rrhaphy

suturing (stitching) (cystorraphy: suturing the bladder)

30

diuretic

agent that increases the amount of urine

31

sepsis

an infection that spreads through the bloodstream (septic)