The Male Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > The Male Reproductive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Male Reproductive System Deck (26):
1

andr/o, M

male

2

balan/o

penis

3

epididym/o

epididymis - duct that stores sperm, then carries to vas deferens

4

orchid/o, orchi/o, orch/o, test/o

testicle, testis (produce testosterone, sperm cells)

5

sperm/o, spermat/o

sperm

6

prostat/o

prostate gland (fluid that helps aid the movement of sperm)

7

vas/o

vas deferens (duct that carries sperm from epididymis to urethra)

8

BPH

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (non cancerous, excessive development of the prostate gland)

9

cryptorchidism

undescended testicles; condition of a hidden testes (crypt/o = hidden, orchid/o = testes, -ism = condition)

10

prostate cancer

cancer of the prostate gland (most commonly DX in men; occurs later in life)

11

PSA

prostate-specific antigen (blood test - measures for prostate cancer)

12

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus; virus that causes AIDS

13

AIDS

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (attacks body's immune system; transmitted sexually, by contaminated needles, or contaminated blood transfusions

14

STD/STI

sexually transmitted disease/infection

15

HPV

human papillomavirus (pap-i-LO-ma-vi-rus) STD that causes genital warts

16

TU

transurethral resection

17

transurethral

through the urethra

18

resection

surgical removal of

19

TURP

transurethral resection of the prostate

20

TURB

transurethral resection of the bladder

21

coitus, copulation

sexual intercourse

22

circumcision

surgical removal of the foreskin

23

DRE

digital rectal exam (physician inserts a finger into rectum and feels for size and shape of the prostate gland through the rectal wall)

24

vasectomy

surgical of the vas deferens removal of a portion of the vas deferens (results in male sterilization)

25

sterilization

process that makes one unable to reproduce

26

infertility

reduced or absent ability to produce offspring