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Flashcards in major respiratory structures Deck (44):
1

nas/o (adj.) rhin/o (noun)

nose

2

muc/o

mucus; substance secreted from nose

3

pharyng/o

pharynx (throat; transports air to/from nose to trachea

4

sept/o

septum; wall dividing a structure

5

sinus/o

sinus; air filled cavity within a bone

6

tonsill/o

tonsils; at side of throat

7

adenoid/o

adenoids; behind nasal cavity

8

T&A

tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy

9

laryng/o

larynx (voice box); makes speech possible

10

trache/o

trachea (windpipe); transports air to/from pharynx to bronchi

11

bronch/o or bronchi/o

bronchi (bronchus - singular); transports air to/from trachea (windpipe) to lungs

12

pulmon/o or pneumon/o

lungs; brings oxygen into the body

13

diaphragm

separates thoracic & abdominal cavities; shaped like a parachute

14

thorac/o ; thora/o ; -thorax

thoracic (chest) cavity; protects the heart & lungs

15

otorhinolaryngologist (ENT)

specialist of the ears, nose, & throat

16

pulmonologist

specializes in treating diseases & disorders of the lungs

17

RT

respiratory therapist (therapy); provides treatment to ease/correct breathing problems

18

spirometry

measure someones breathing

19

spir/o

to breathe

20

-metry

to measure

21

spirometer

tool used to measure someone's breathing

22

-meter

instrument used to measure

23

auscultation

process of listening to sounds within the body with a stethoscope (heart, lungs, and intestines)

24

normal adult RR

respiration rate; 10-20 breaths per minute

25

ox/i or ox/o

oxygen (O2)

26

-capnia

carbon dioxide (CO2)

27

-pnea

breathing

28

tachy-

fast

29

brady-

slow

30

eu-

good, normal

31

a-

without (if consonant following)

32

an-

without (if vowel following)

33

inhale

to breathe in

34

exhale

to breathe out

35

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; used to describe airflow limitations

36

-ectasis

dilation; bronchiectasis (dilation of bronchi; usually from lung infections)

37

asthma

allergic disorder characterized by breathing difficulty

38

influenza

the flu; contagious viral respiratory infection

39

SIDS

sudden infant death syndrome

40

CF

cystic fibrosis passed down in families; thick, sticky mucus that builds up in lungs and digestive system; most common with children and young adults; life threatening; average life span about 37 year

41

PE

pulmonary embolism blockage caused b blood clots in the lungs; can be life threatening, but treatable with medications if detected early

42

URI

upper respiratory infection; cold

43

pneumonia

inflammation of lungs where air sacs fill with puss

44

TB

tuberculosis; infectious disease that attacks the lungs