Flashcards in Unit 16 - Endocrine System Abbreviations Deck (15):
calcium; the body needs it for strong bones (stored in bones, teeth, supports structure and hardness)
iron; deficiency of iron limits oxygen delivery to cells = fatigue, poor performance, decreased immunity; too much = toxicity and death
potassium; helps nerves muscles communicate; moves nutrients into cells and waste products out of cells; can offset sodium's harmful effects on blood pressure (found in fruits from vines, leafy greens, root vegetables, citrus fruits)
sodium; body uses to control blood pressure and blood volume. needed for your muscles and nerves to work well.
2 hr pp
2 hour post-prandial (meal) blood glucose test; blood test which measures the body's ability to metabolize carbohydrates and produce insulin, screens for diabetes; confirm results from the fasting plasma glucose test. evaluates effectiveness of medication or dietary therapy in those diagnosed with diabetes.
basic metabolic panel; to give your health care provider important information about current status of your kidneys and electrolyte an acid/base balance and level of blood glucose from blood sample.
blood sugar; if diabetes then blood sugar tests performed with electronic device that measures it in a small drop of blood ; prevents long-term complications
fasting blood sugar; corresponds to amount of sugar in blood after 9 hours of starvation; shows baseline glucose value of person
glucose tolerance test; screens for type 2 diabetes
thyroid test (triiodothyronine); taken when abnormal TSH and/or T4 test result or investiagative workup when a person has symptoms of hyperthyroidism.
thyroid test (thyroxine); helps diagnose hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism; in response to abnormal TSH test result.
thyroid-stimulating hormone; checks for thyroid gland problems; causes gland to make two hormones (triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) which help control your body's metabolism and are needed for normal growth of brain
diabetes mellitus; condition in which pancreas no longer produces enough insulin or cells stop responding to insulin that is produced, so that glucose in the blood cannot be absorbed into the cells of the body.
type 1 diabetes; juvenile diabetes or insulin dependent diabetes