The Digestive System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > The Digestive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Digestive System Deck (70):
1

oral cavity

or/o and stomat/o = mouth

2

uvul/o = uvula

soft mass that hangs in back of mouth

3

pharynx or pharyng/o

throat

4

esophag/o

esophagus; transports food from pharynx to stomach

5

-us

noun ending

6

gastr/o

stomach; breaks food down and mixes with digestive juices

7

enter/o

small intestine; completes digestion and absorption of most nutrients

8

ileum

part of small intestines

9

ilium

the hip bone

10

col/o or colon/o

large intestine/colon absorbs excess water and prepares solid waste

11

proct/o and rect/o

Rectum; controls secretion of solid waste

12

An/o

anus

13

hepat/o

liver

14

cholecyst/o

gallbladder; stores bile for later use

15

lapar/o or abdomin/o

abdomen

16

periton/o

Peritoneum; membrane that lines the abdominal cavity

17

cheil/o

lips (-itis, -rrhaphy, -oma)

18

gloss/o

tongue

19

lingu/o

tongue (-pathy, -dynia)

20

-pepsia or pept/o

digestion

21

dyspepsia

painful digestion

22

pyrosis

heartburn (pyr/o is fever, fire)

23

H2O

water

24

jaundice

yellow discoloration of the skin; caused by elevated bilirubin levels; liver not functioning properly

25

gingiv/o

gums

26

gingivitis

inflammation of the gums

27

aphagia

the loss of the ability to swallow (-phagi means swallowing)

28

append/o or appendic/o

appendix

29

herni/o

hernia; protrusion through the body wall

30

lavage

to wash out (a body cavity)

31

regurgitate

the return of swallowed food into the mouth

32

emesis or -emesis

vomiting or expelling the contents of the stomach

33

dysentery

an infection of the digestive system; causes severe diarrhea, bleeding, and abdominal pain

34

CT or CAT

computed (axial) tomography

35

abdominal ultrasound

high frequency sound waves used to visualize internal organs

36

anoscopy

visual examination of the anus

37

Barium Swallow (upper GI series)

use of barium to see upper portion of digestive system

38

enema

solution placed in rectum and colon to empty the contents via a bowel movement

39

barium enema (lower GI series)

use of barium to view lower digestive system

40

colectomy

surgical removal of all or part of colon

41

colotomy

surgical incision into the colon

42

colonoscopy

visual examination of the colon

43

colostomy

creating an artificial opening into the colon

44

cheil/o

lips (-itis, -rrhaphy, -oma)

45

gloss/o

tongue

46

lingu/o

tongue (-pathy, -dynia)

47

-pepsia or pept/o

digestion

48

dyspepsia

painful digestion

49

pyrosis

heartburn (pyr/o is fever, fire)

50

H2O

water

51

juandice

yellow discoloration of the skin; caused by elevated bilirubin levels; liver not functioning properly

52

gingiv/o

gums

53

gingivitis

inflammation of the gums

54

aphagia

the loss of the ability to swallow (-phagi means swallowing)

55

append/o or appendic/o

appendix

56

herni/o

hernia; protrusion through the body wall

57

lavage

to wash out (a body cavity)

58

regurgitate

the return of swallowed food into the mouth

59

emesis or -emesis

vomiting or expelling the contents of the stomach

60

dysentery

an infection of the digestive system; causes severe diarrhea, bleeding, and abdominal pain

61

CT or CAT

computed (axial) tomography

62

abdominal ultrasound

high frequency sound waves used to visualize internal organs

63

anoscopy

visual examination of the anus

64

Barium Swallow (upper GI series)

use of barium to see upper portion of digestive system

65

enema

solution placed in rectum and colon to empty the contents via a bowel movement

66

barium enema (lower GI series)

use of barium to view lower digestive system

67

colectomy

surgical removal of all or part of colon

68

colotomy

surgical incision into the colon

69

colonoscopy

visual examination of the colon

70

colostomy

creating an artificial opening into the colon