Unit 10 - Cardiovascular System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Unit 10 - Cardiovascular System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 10 - Cardiovascular System Deck (53):
1

cardi/o, card/o

heart

2

arteri/o

arteries (carry blood away from heart)

3

ven/o, phleb/o

veins (carry blood toward heart)

4

hem/o, hemat/o

blood

5

aort/o

aorta; main trunk of artery system

6

plasm/o

plasma; liquid portion of blood

7

ather/o

plaque or fatty substance

8

lymph/o

lymph

9

lymphaden/o

lymph node, lymph gland

10

splen/o

stores blood and destroys worn out red blood cells

11

myel/o

bone marrow or spinal cord

12

coron/o

coronary or head/crown

13

ischemic or ischemia

deficiency of blood flow

14

myocardial infarction

heart attack

15

infarct

area of necrosis caused by lack of blood flow

16

dysrhythmia

an irregular heartbeat

17

bradycardia

an abnormally slow heartbeat

18

tachycardia

an abnormally fast heartbeat > 100 bpm

19

palpitation

pounding or racing heartbeat

20

palpation

to use fingers to feel for size, texture, consistency... (to assess)

21

sphygmomanometer

instrument used to measure blood pressure

22

stethoscope

instrument used to listen to sounds within the body

23

angi/o

blood vessel

24

thromb/o

blood clot; thrombosis (thrombus)

25

DVT

deep vein thrombosis

26

aneurysm

localized weak spot or balloon-like enlargement of the wall of an artery; often fatal if ruptures due to rapid loss of blood

27

varicose veins

abnormally swollen veins; usually occur in legs

28

erythrocytopenia (anemia)

deficiency of red blood cells (-penia=deficiency)

29

hematocytopenia

abnormal deficiency (reduction) of blood cells

30

febrile (pyrosis)

to have a fever

31

afebrile

without fever

32

-thermia

heat

33

hyperthermia

body temperature above normal

34

hypothermia

body temperature below normal

35

antibiotic

drug that treats bacterial infections

36

vaccine

inactivated microorganisms administered by injection, mouth, or nasal spray to prevent infectious diseases

37

BP

blood pressure

38

hypertension; hypotension

higher; lower than normal BP

39

EKG or ECG

electrocardiogram

40

electr/o

electricity

41

ECHO

echocardiogram

42

CPR

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

43

HR

heart rate

44

P

pulse, 60-100 bpm

45

Rh

blood type

46

RR

respiration rate 10-20 bpm

47

T

temperature

48

VS

vital signs

49

Hct

hematocrit

50

Hgb

hemoglobin

51

CHF

congestive heart failure

52

BMT

bone marrow transplant

53

CBC

complete blood count