Ch 09: Bleeding Flashcards Preview

Emergency Medical Responder > Ch 09: Bleeding > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 09: Bleeding Deck (12):
1

Hemorrhage

A large amount of bleeding occurring in a short time

2

Blood Facts

8% of body mass
5L

3

Blood Components

Plasma
Platelets
Leukocytes
Erythrocytes

4

Leukocyte

White Blood Cell

5

Erythrocyte

Red Blood Cell

6

Signs and Symptoms of Severe External Bleeding

-Blood spurting or flowing freely from a wound
-Blood that fails to clot after measures to control bleeding

7

Care for Severe External Bleeding

-Using a gloved hand, apply direct pressure with a sterile dressing
-Patient in comfortable position and resting
-Snugly apply a pressure bandage around the dressing
-Do not remove the first few layers of dressing to avoid peeling off any clotting
-If bleeding continues, apply a tourniquet

8

Tourniquet

A tight band placed around an arm or leg to constrict blood vessels enough to stop blood flow

9

How to Apply A Tourniquet

-Asses distal circulation
-Apply tourniquet 5 - 10 cm (2-4 inches) above the injury, and above any joint in range
-Document the time it was applied, and any times it was tightened or released
-Reasses distal circulation

-If using a blood pressure cuff, inflate to approximately 30 mmHg above systolic blood pressure

10

Internal Bleeding

The escape of blood from arteries, veins of capillaries into spaces in the body.

11

Signs and Symptoms of Internal Bleeding

-Discoloration of the skin; Contusions
-Soft tissues are tender, swollen or firm
-Anxious or restless
-Tachycardia that is weak
-Tachypnea
-Skin is cool or moist with cyanosis
-Nausea / Vomiting
-Excessive Thirst (Polydipsia)
-Declining LOC
-Hypotension

12

Care for Internal Bleeding

Mild:
-Apply cold to the area

Severe:
-Patient in position of comfort with legs slightly elevated
-Administer Oxygen
-Advanced medical care