Flashcards in Ch. 11: Disorders of GI Tract Deck (62):
what is the cause of almost all esophageal varices?
cirrohosis of the liver
What is the cause of most chronic atrophic gastritis
About how long does it take for an adenomatous polyp to evolve into the colonic adenocarcinoma?
teeth, gastric, and SI churning
most intestinal bacteria are beneficial because they...
produce Vit. K and guard against infective bacteria
lack of appetite
anorexia vs. anorexia nervosa
anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder
nausea is a
low-volume, painful, bloody diarrhea
fatty stools (ex. malabsorption syndromes)
lack of peristalsis (often seen post-op)
upper GI refers to...
esophagus, stomach, and duodenum
ileus is a ( ) disorder
functional (as opposed to others that are structural)
bowel swallows itself
causes of mechanical intestical obstruction:
twisting of intestines
diseases of oral cavity: congenital anomalies
cleft lip and palate
diseases of oral cavity:tooth and gum disease
caries, gingivitis, and periodontis
diseases of oral cavity: the most common cause of tooth loss
squamous carcinoma of lower lip most often caused by...
diseases of salivary glands: inflammation of salivary glands
diseases of salivary glands: acute causes of sialadenitis
step or mumps
diseases of salivary glands: chronic causes of sialacdenitis
autoimmune (Sjorgren's syndrome- dry eyes and mouth) or stones
diseases of salivary glands: most are benign
diseases of salivary glands:most common neoplasia
pleomorphic adenoma (aka Mix Tumor)
diseases of the esophagus: congenital lesions
atresia, tracheoesophageal fistula
disease of stomach: congenital pyloric stenosis leads to
congenital anomalies of bowels: distal ileum, may have gastric and pancratic tissue
congenital anomalies of bowels: may become infected like appendicitis
congenital anomalies of bowels: small and large bowel, and anus
congentical atresias (obstructions) and stenoses
congenital anomalies of bowels: absense of ganglion cells (neurons) in the colon wall neural plexuses --> lack of peristalsis and constriction
Congenital aganglionic magacolon (Hirschsprung disease)
collection of vessels in mucosa or submucosa, prone to bleed- older adults, 20% of lower GI bleeds
is Angiodysplasia pre-cancerous?
nope! it's just an abnormal growth.
small and large bowel infections: what cause most infectious diarrhea?
bacteria and viruses
small and large bowel infections: viruses for young child and cruises, respectively
small and large bowel infections: other than bacteria and infection, what also causes infectious diarrhea?
Malabsorption syndromes: what is caused by gluten sensitivity
inflammatory bowel disease: what are similar
crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis
irritable bowel syndrome: what is a common problem with this?
psychological problems common
which has the biggest incidive of colon cancer : crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis?
are non-neoplastic polyps premalignant?
non-neoplastic polyps that we need to know
are adenomatous polpys premalignant?
examples of adenomatous polyps
1) tubular adenoma
2) villous adenoma
3) tubular villous adenoma
familial adenomatous polyposis (Autosomal Dominant) always leads to...
what is the 2nd most common cause of cancer death
what is a carcinoid tumor?
you don't get carcinoid sydrome with carcinoid tumor unless...
there are masticies in the liver
adenomatous polyps: flat polyps
adenomatous polyps: tubular polyps
adenomatous polyps: risk is based on ( )
what can lead to diverticulitis?
in colonic diverticulosis and anorectal conditions, what are common?
anorectal conditions (fissure, perirectal abcess, fistula, piloidal cyst, proctitis)
what is acute appendicits usually due to?
obstruction, fecalith, etc
how common is acute appendicitis?
common! (5% of population)
complication of acute appendicitis or diverticulitis
in peritonitis, what is a risk?
presence of ascitic fluid (cirrhosis)
what usually arises from abdoninal malignancies such as ovarian and pancreatic carcinoma?