Ch 15 Vocab Flashcards Preview

exam 2 > Ch 15 Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 15 Vocab Deck (23):
0

A swelling or enlargement of part of a blood vessel, resulting from weakening of the vessel wall

Aneurysm

1

The inability to understand and/or produce speech

Aphasia

2

A sensation experienced prior to a seizure; serves as a warning sign that a seizure is about to occur

Aura

3

An interruption of blood flow to the brain that results in the loss of brain function. Also called a stroke.

Cerebrovascular accident (CVA)

4

A state of profound unconsciousness from which one cannot be roused

Coma

5

Slurred speech

Dysarthria

6

Clotting that forms in a remote area and travels to the site of blockage

Embolus

7

Seizures that result from a sudden high fevers, particularly in children

Febrile seizures

8

A seizure characterized by severe twitching of all of the body's muscles that may last several minutes or more, formerly known as a grand male seizure

Generalized seizure

9

Weakness on one side of the body

Hemiparesis

10

One of the two main types of stoke; occurs as a result of bleeding inside the brain

Hemorrhagic stroke

11

A condition characterized by a low blood glucose level

Hypoglycemia

12

Loss of bowel and/or bladder control; may be the result of a generalized seizure

Incontinence

13

A lack of oxygen in the cells of the brain that causes them to not function properly

Ischemia

14

One of the two main types of stroke; occurs when blood flow to a particular part of the brain is cut off by a blockage (eg, a clot) inside a blood vessel

Ischemic stroke

15

A seizure affecting a limited portion of the brain

Partial seizure

16

A period following a seizure that lasts between 5 and 30 minutes; characterized by labored respirations and some degree of altered mental status

Postical state

17

Generalized, uncoordinated muscular activity associated with loss of consciousness; a convulsion

Seizure

18

A condition in which seizures recur every few minutes or last more than 30 minutes

Status epilepticus

19

An interruption of blood flow to the brain that results in the loss of brain function; also called a cerebrovascular accident (CVA)

Stroke

20

Clotting of the cerebral arteries that may result in the interruption of cerebral blood flow and subsequent stroke

Thrombosis

21

A type of seizure that features rhythmic back-and-forth motion of an extremity and body stiffness

Tonic-clonic seizure

22

A disorder of the brain in which brain cells temporarily stop working because of insufficient oxygen, causing strokelike symptoms that resolve completely within 24 hours of onset.

Transient ischemic attack (TIA)