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Flashcards in Ch 30 Vocab Deck (25):
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Air bubbles in the blood vessels

Air embolism

1

The temperature of the surrounding environment

Ambient temperature

2

A serum that counteracts the effect of venom from an animal or insect

Antivenin

3

Common name for decompression sickness

Bends

4

Loss of consciousness caused by a decreased breathing stimulus

Breath-holding syncope

5

The loss of heat by direct contact

Conduction

6

The loss of body heat caused by air movement

Convection

7

The temperature of the central part of the body

Core temperature

8

A painful condition seen in divers who ascend too quickly, in which gas, especially nitrogen, forms bubbles in blood vessels and other tissues; also called "the bends"

Decompression sickness

9

Slowing of the heart rate caused by submersion in cold water

Diving reflex

10

The process of experiencing respiratory impairment from submersion or immersion in liquid

Drowning

11

Any signs and symptoms caused by the difference between the surrounding atmospheric pressure and the total gas pressure in various tissues, fluids, and cavities of the body

Dysbarism injuries

12

Conversion of water or another fluid from a liquid to a gas

Evaporation

13

Damage to tissues as the result of exposure to cold; frozen body parts

Frostbite

14

Painful muscle spasms usually associated with vigorous activity in a hot environment

Heat cramps

15

A form of heat injury in which the body loses significant amounts of fluid and electrolytes because of heavy sweating; also called heat prostration or heat collapse

Heat exhaustion

16

A life-threatening condition of severe hyperthermia caused by exposure to excessive natural or artificial heat, marked by warm, dry skin; severely altered mental status; and often irreversible coma

Heatstroke

17

A family of insects that includes bees, wasps, ants, and yellow jackets

Hymenoptera

18

A condition in which the body core temperature rises to 101* F (38.3*C) or more

Hyperthermia

19

A condition in which the body core temperature falls below 95*F (35*C) after exposure to a cold environment

Hypothermia

20

The transfer of heat to colder objects in the environment by radiant energy, for example heat gain from a fire

Radiation

21

The loss of body heat as warm air in the lungs is exhaled into the atmosphere and cooler air is inhaled

Respiration

22

A triage process in which efforts are focused on those who are in respiratory and cardiac arrest, and different from conventional triage where such patients would be classified as deceased. Used in triaging multiple victims of a lighting strike

Reverse triage

23

A system that delivers air to the mouth and lungs at various atmospheric pressures, increasing with the depth of the dive; stands for self-contained underwater breathing apparatus

SCUBA

24

The ability of the skin to resist deformation; rested by gently pinching skin on the forehead or back of the hand

Turgor