Ch 15 Question Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 15 Question Deck (24):
0

A_______ is typically characterized by unconsciousness and a generalized severe twitching of all of the body's muscles that lasts several minutes or longer

Generalized seizure

1

The_________ controls the most basic functions of the body, such as breathing, blood pressure, swallowing, and pupil constriction

Brain stem

2

At each vertebra in the neck and back,__________ nerves, called spinal nerves, branch out from the spinal cord and carry signals to and from the body.

Two

3

All of the following are associated with alternated mental status EXCEPT:

Incontinence

4

When blood flow to a particular part of the brain is cut off by a blockage inside a blood vessel, the result is:

An Ischemic stroke

5

Patients who are at the higher risk of hemorrhagic stroke are those who have:

Untreated hypertension

6

Patients with a subarachnoid hemorrhage typically complain of a sudden severe:

Headache

7

The plaque that builds up in atherosclerosis obstructs blood flow and interferes with the vessel's ability to:

Dilate

8

A TIA, or mini stroke, is the name given to a stroke when symptoms go away on their own in less than:

24 hours

9

Patients with a decreased level of consciousness:

Should not be given anything by mouth

10

Hypoglycemia can mimic conditions such as:

Stroke

11

When assessing a patient with a history of seizure activity, it is important to:

Determine whether this episode differs from any previous ones

12

Signs and symptoms of possible seizure activity include all following EXCEPT:

Petechiae

13

Common causes of altered mental status include all of the following EXCEPT:

Unequal pupils

14

The principal difference between a patient who has had a stroke and a patient with hypoglycemia almost always has to do with the

Mental status

15

Consider the possibility of _________ in a patient who has had a seizure.

Hypoglycemia

16

________ are the second most common type of headache and are thought to be caused by changes in blood vessel size in the base of the brain.

Migraine headaches

17

Headache, vomiting, altered mental status, and seizures are all considered early signs of:

Increased intracranial pressure

18

People with_________ have a higher risk of hemorrhagic stroke.

Uncontrolled hypertension

19

Headaches caused by muscle contractions in the head and neck are typically associated with:

Tension headaches

20

The following conditions may simulate a stroke EXCEPT:

Hyperglycemia

21

When assessing a patient with a possible CVA, you should check the________ first.

Airway

22

A________ is usually a warning sign that a larger, significant stroke may occur in the future

Transient ischemic attack

23

Which mnemonic is used to check a patients mental status?

AVPU