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Flashcards in Ch 19 Questions Deck (33):
0

Activated charcoal is in the form of a(n):

Suspension

1

The presence of burning or blistering of the mucous membranes suggests:

Ingestion of poison

2

Treatment for ingestion of poisonous plants include all of the following EXCEPT:

Administration of activated charcoal

3

The MOST important consideration in caring for a patient who has been exposed to an organophospate insecticide or some other cholinergic agent is to:

Avoid exposure yourself

4

Which of the following would NOT provide clues to the nature of the poison?

Open windows

5

The MOST worrisome avenue of poisoning is:

Injection

6

The major side effect of ingesting activated charcoal is:

Black stools

7

Alcohol is a powerful CNS depressant. It:

Slows reflexes.

8

Which of the following is a frequently abused synthetic opioid?

Meperidine (Demerol)

9

Which of the following is NOT part of treatment of patients who have overdosed with sedative-hypnotics and have respiratory depression?

Administer syrup of ipecac

10

Anticholinergic medications have properties that block the_________ nerves.

Parasympathatic

11

_________ crack produces the most rapid means of absorption and therefore the most potent effect.

Smoked

12

"nerve gases" over stimulate normal body functions that are controlled by parasympathetic nerves, causing:

Increased salivation

13

Signs and symptoms of staphylococcal food poisoning include:

Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea

14

Inhalant effects range from mild drowsiness to coma, but unlike most other sedative-hypnotics these agents may often cause:

Seizures

15

Cocaine may be taken which of the following ways?

Inhalation
Injection
Absorption

16

Which of the following is NOT considered an abusable substance?

Detergents

17

A person who has been using marijuana rarely needs transport to the hospital. Exceptions may include all of the following EXCEPT a patient who is:

Intoxicated

18

Sympathomimetics are CNS stimulants that frequently cause:

Tachycardia

19

Carbon monoxide

Is odorless
Produces severe hypoxia
Does not damage or irritate the lungs

20

Chlorine:

Causes pulmonary edema

21

Localized signs and symptoms of absorbed poisoning include:

Burns, irritation of the skin

22

Which of the following statements regarding injected poisons is FALSE?

They are easily diluted once in the bloodstream

23

When dealing with substances such as phosphorus and elemental sodium, you should do all of the following EXCEPT:

Irrigate with water

24

Injected poisons are impossible to dilute or remove, because they are usually________ or cause intense local tissue destruction.

Absorbed quickly into the body

25

Medical problems that may cause the patient to present as intoxicated include all of the following EXCEPT:

Syncope

26

Which of the following is NOT considered a sign or symptom of alcohol withdrawal?

Chest pain

27

Treatments for inhaled poisons include:

Moving the patient into fresh air

28

Signs and symptoms of chlorine exposure include all of the following EXCEPT:

Rales

29

Which of the following is NOT a typical ingested poison?

Aerosol propellants

30

Ingestion of an opiate, sedative, or barbiturate can cause depression of the CNS and:

Slow breathing

31

Inhaled poisons include:

Chlorine

32

Which of the following is NOT considered part of the standard treatment of poisonings?

Administering syrup of ipecac