Ch 7 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 7 Vocab Deck (49):
0

The process by which medications travel through body tissues until they reach the bloodstream

Absorption

1

The therapeutic effect of a medication on the body

Action

2

An oral medication that binds and absorbs ingested toxins in the gastrointestinal tract for treatment of some poisons and medication overdoses. Charcoal is ground into a very fine powder that provides the greatest possible surface area for binding medications that have been taken by mouth; it is carried on the EMS unit

Activated charcoal

3

The process of binding or sticking to the surface

Adsorption

4

A medication that causes stimulation of receptors

Agonist

5

A medication that binds to a receptor and blocks other medications

Antagonist

6

A medication that is an antithetical (reduces fever), analgesic (reduces pain), anti-inflammatory (reduces inflammation), and potent inhibitor of platelet aggregation (clumping)

Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid or ASA)

7

Conditions that make a particular medication or treatment inappropriate, for example, a condition in which a medication should not be given because it would not help or may actually harm a patient

Contraindications

8

The amount of medication given on the basis of the patient's size and age

Dose

9

When the EMS directly administers the medication to the patient

EMT-administered medication

10

Medications that enter the body through the digestive system

Enteral medications

11

A medication that increases heart rate and blood pressure but also eases breathing problems by decreasing muscle tone of the bronchiole tree; you may be allowed to help the patient self-administer the medication

Epinephrine

12

A semiliquid substance that is administered orally in capsule form or through plastic tubes

Gel

13

The original chemical name of a medication (in contrast with one of its "trade names"); the name is not capitalized

Generic name

14

An abnormally low blood glucose level

Hypoglycemia

15

The therapeutic uses for a specific medication

Indications

16

Breathing into the lungs; a medication delivery route

Inhalation

17

The effect that a medication is expected to have on the body

Intended effect

18

An injection into a muscle; a medication delivery route

Intramuscular (IM) injection

19

A delivery route in which a medication is pushed through a specialized atomizer device called a mucosal atomizer device (MAD) into the nare

Intracoastal (IN)

20

Into the bone; a medication delivery route

Intraosseous (IO)

21

An injection directly into a vein; a medication delivery route

Intravenous (IV) injection

22

A chemical substance that is used to treat or prevent disease or relieve pain

Medication

23

A miniature spray canister through which droplets or particles of medication may be inhaled

Metered-dose inhaler (MDI)

24

A device that is used to change a liquid medication into a spray and pushes it into a nostril

Mucosal atomizer device (MAD)

25

A medication that increases cardiac perfusion by causing arteries to dilate; you may be allowed to help the patient self-administer the medication

Nitroglycerin

26

By mouth; a medication delivery route

Oral

27

A simple sugar that is readily absorbed by the bloodstream; it is carried on the EMS unit

Oral glucose

28

A gas that all cells need for metabolism; the heart and brain, especially, cannot function without oxygen

Oxygen

29

Medications that may be purchased directly by a patient without a prescription

Over-the-counter (OTC) medications

30

Medications that enter the body by a route other than the digestive tract, skin, or mucous membranes

Parenteral medications

31

When the EMT assists the patient with the administration of his or her own medication

Patient-assisted medication

32

When the EMT administers medication to him or herself or to a partner

Peer-assisted medication

33

Through the mouth; a medication delivery route; same as oral

Per os (PO)

34

Through the rectum; a medication delivery route

Per rectum (PR)

35

The process by which a medication works on the body

Pharmacodynamics

36

The study of the properties and side effects of medications

Pharmacology

37

The use of multiple medications on a regular basis

Polypharmacy

38

Medications that are distributed to patients only by pharmacists according to a physician's order

Prescription medications

39

Any effects of a medication other than the desired ones

Side effects

40

A liquid mixture that cannot be separated by filtering or allowing the mixture to stand

Solution

41

Injection into the tissue between the skin and muscle; a medication delivery route

Subcutaneous (SC) injection

42

Under the tongue; a medication delivery route

Sublingual (SL)

43

A mixture of ground particles that are distributed evenly throughout a liquid but do not dissolve

Suspension

44

Lotions, creams, and ointments that are applied to the surface of the skin and affect only that area; a medication delivery route

Topical medications

45

The brand name that a manufacturer gives a medication; the name is capitalized

Trade name

46

Through the skin; a medication delivery route

Transcutaneous (transdermal)

47

Actions that are undesirable but pose little risk to the patient

Unintended effect

48

Actions that can be harmful to the patient

Untoward effects