Ch 26 Question Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 26 Question Deck (29):
0

Which of the following is NOT part of the central nervous system?

Cranial nerves

1

The nervous system us divided into the central nervous system and the:

Peripheral nervous system

2

The brain is divided into the cerebrum, the cerebellum, and the:

Brain stem

3

Injury to the head and neck may indicate injury to the:

Cervical spine

4

The________ is composed of three layers of tissue that suspend the brain and spinal cord within the skull and spinal canal.

Meningitis

5

The skull is divided into the cranium and the:

Face

6

Peripheral nerves include the:

Connecting nerves
Sensory nerves
Motor nerves

7

Which of the following is NOT a function of cerebrospinal fluid?

Provides continuous oxygen to the brain

8

The autonomic nervous system is composed of the sympathetic nervous system and the:

Parasympathatic nervous system

9

The most prominent and the most easily palpable spinous process is at the_______ cervical vertebra at the base of the neck.

7th

10

Emergency medical care of a patient with a possible spinal injury begins with:

Standard precautions

11

The_______ is a tunnel running the length of the spine, which encloses and protects the spinal cord.

Spinal canal

12

Once the head and neck are manually stabilized, you should assess for:

Pulse
Motor function
Sensation

13

The ideal procedure for moving a patient from the ground to the backboard is the:

Four-person log roll

14

Exceptions to using a short spinal extrication device include all of the following EXCEPT:

The patient is conscious and complaining of lumbar pain

15

Neck rigidity, blood cerebrospinal fluid, a headache are associated with what kind of bleeding in the brain?

Subarachnoid hemorrhage

16

A_________ is a temporary loss or alteration of a part or all of the brain's abilities to function without actual physical damage to the brain.

Concussion

17

Which of the following is NOT a symptom of a concussion?

Muscle tremors

18

Intracranial bleeding outside of the dura mater and under the skull is known as a(n):

Epidural hematoma

19

In supine patients with a head injury, the head should be elevated_______ to help reduce intracranial pressure.

30*

20

________ is the most reliable sign of a head injury.

Decreased level of consciousness

21

Hyperventilation should be used with caution in head injury patients and only be attempted when______ is/are available.

Capnography

22

Common causes of head injuries include all of the following EXCEPT:

Seizure activity

23

Assessment of mental status is accomplished through the use of the mnemonic:

AVPU

24

Which of the following is NOT part of Cushing's triad?

Decreased pulse oximetry

25

How many EMTs are required to immobilized a standing patient?

Three

26

A cervical collar should be applied to a patient with a possible spinal injury based on:

The mechanism of injury
The history
Signs and symptoms

27

Helmets should be removed in all of the following cases EXCEPT:

When there are no impending airway or breathing problems

28

Your BEST choice of action for a child involved in a motor vehicle collision and found in his or her car seat is to:

Pad the sides of car seat but leave space to allow for lateral movement