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Flashcards in Ch 30 Question Deck (31):
0

_________ causes body heat to be lost as warm air in the lungs is exhaled into the atmosphere and cooler air is inhaled.

Respiration

1

Evaporation, the conversion of a liquid to a gas, is a process that requires:

Energy

2

The rate and amount of heat loss by the body can be modified by all of the following EXCEPT:

Increasing fluid intake

3

The characteristic appearance of blue lips and/or fingertips seen in hypothermia is the result of:

Blood vessels constricting

4

Signs and symptoms of severe systemic hypothermia include all of the following EXCEPT:

Long-distance athletes

5

To assess a patient's general temperature, pull back your glove and place the back of your hand on the patient's:

Abdomen, underneath the clothing

6

Never assume that a(n)_______, pulseless patient is dead.

Cold

7

Management of hyperthermia in the field consists of all of the following EXCEPT;

Massaging the cold extremities

8

All of the following conditions refer to when exposed parts of the body become very cold, but not frozen, EXCEPT:

Frostbite

9

When the body is exposed to more heat energy than it loses,__________ result(s).

Hyperthermia

10

Contributing factors to the development of heat illness include all of the following EXCEPT:

Increased fluid intake

11

It is important to remain hydrated while on duty. Drink at least__________ of water per day, and more when exertion or heat is involved.

3 liters

12

Which of the following statements about heat cramps is FALSE?

They only occur when it is hot outdoors

13

Signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion and associated hypovolemia include all of the following EXCEPT:

Normal thrist

14

Most spinal injuries in diving incidents affect the:

Cervical spine

15

Often, the first sign of heatstroke is:

a change in behavior

16

The least common but most serious illness caused by heat exposure, occurring when the body is subjected to more heat than it can handle and normal mechanisms for getting rid of the excess heat are overwhelmed, is:

Heatstroke

17

________ is the body's reaction to an irritation of water entering the lower respiratory tract.

Laryngospasm

18

Treatment drowning and/or near drowning begins with:

Rescue and removal from the water

19

In a diving emergency,__________ occurs when bubbles of gas, especially nitrogen, obstruct the blood vessels.

Decompression sickness

20

If the near drowning victim has evidence of upper airway obstruction by foreign matter, which of the following would NOT be considered a method for clearing it?

Place the patient in the recovery position to allow drainage

21

You should never give up on resuscitating a cold-water drowning victim because:

The resulting hypothermia can protect vital organs from the lack of oxygen

22

The three phases of a dive, in the order they occur, are:

Descent, bottom, and ascent

23

Areas usually affected by descent problems include:

The lungs

24

Potential problems associated with rupture of the lungs include all of the following EXCEPT:

Hemopneumothorax

25

The organs most severely affected by air embolism are the:

Brain and spinal cord

26

Coral snake venom is a powerful toxin that causes_________ of the nervous system.

Paralysis

27

Signs and envenomation by a pit viper include all of the following EXCEPT:

Chest pain

28

Removal of tick should be accomplished by:

Using fine tweezers to pull it straight out of the skin

29

Which of the following statements regarding the brown recluse spider is FALSE?

It is larger than the black widow spider

30

Treatment of the snake bite from a pit viper includes:

Calming the patient
Providing BLS as needed if the patient shows no signs of envenomation
Marking the skin with a pen over the swollen area to note whether swelling is spreading