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Flashcards in Ch 25 Deck (35):
1

New right

An alliance of conservative special interest groups stressing cultural, social, and moral issues

2

Reverse discrimination

Term used by some conservatives to describe what they believe to be discrimination against white people, especially white men
Result from the affirmative action

3

Conservative coalition

Alliance of intellectuals, business leaders, middle-class voters, Christian groups, and disenchanted democrats. Among their key issues were opposition to big government and a belief in the return to traditional moral.

4

Moral majority

Members who were primarily Christians who interpreted the bible literally and believed in absolute standards of right and wrong.

5

Ronald reagans running mate in 1980

George bush

6

Called for lower taxes to accompany a reduction In government spending on social programs

Reaganomics

7

Deregulation

A theory of economics stating that cutting taxes allows ppl to save more money. Banks loan money to businesses, businesses invest the money in resources to improve productivity.

8

Defense department estimated that this popularly known as Star Wars, would cost trillions of dollars to complete.

Strategic Defense Initiative. (Sdi)

9

Reagans efforts at deregulation included removing price controls on oil, eliminating federal health & safety inspections for nursing homes, and cutting the budget of the ______.

EPA (environmental protection agency)

10

First woman to run on a major party's presidential ticket

Geraldine Ferraro

11

Reagan nominated _____ to the position of Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

William Rehnquist

12

What's an entitlement program

One that guarantees and provides benefits to particular groups of Americans

13

Goals of the conservative movement

Smaller fed gov (shrink size and power)
Promote traditional & moral values
Stimulate the economy by lowering taxes
Increase national defense

14

What was reagans nickname

The great communicator

15

Reasons why Reagan defeated carter

Inflation
Poor economy
Iran hostages

16

Reagans economic plan

Reaganomics

17

1980 election

Reagan won with VP bush and beat democratic jimmy carter w/ vp Walter Mondale, Reagan won by a lot

18

1984 election

Ronald Reagan had a large coalition of voters, won against Walter Mondale w VP Geraldine Ferraro, won by a landslide (economy=strong)

19

1988 election

George bush vs democratic Michael Dukakis
Negative ads contributed to the low voter turnout

20

Who was involved in the iron gate?

Iran
Nicaragua
U.S.
Lebanon

21

Inf treaty

Intermediate range nuclear forces treaty
Between US & Gorbachev (su)
Eliminated medium range nuclear weapons

22

Glasnost

Openness to discuss social problems

23

Perestroika

Economic restructuring

24

European nations adopted what type of gov reform?

Democratic

25

Who else wanted democracy besides the SU & Germany ?

Chinese, students protested in tianamen square

26

Who did Reagan support in Nicaragua?

The contras, were against the sandinistas

27

Which amendment prevented aid to the contras?

Boland amendment

28

What was the Iran contra scandal?

Terrorists took American hostages in lebanon
U.S. sold arms to Iran to free hostages
Profits were given to the contras
Many In rr administration were indicted
Like watergate, behind closed doors but Reagan was liked more than Nixon so he was reelected

29

Operation desert storm

Bush launched this to liberate Kuwait from Iraqi control

30

2 social concerns of the 1980s
What were there results?

Lagging in education
Women not having rights
Edu - school of choice, longer school days, extended school year, more Hw, reading & writing promoted
WR- more women in public office, gov jobs offered to pay equity for jobs of comparable worth, employment benefits for families (maternity leave, job sharing, etc)

31

What did Reagan do to make the gov more conservative?

Supply side economics (Reaganomics)
Strategic Defense Initiative

Budget cuts, tax cuts, increased defense spending.

32

Reagans policies toward the environment

Reduced the size & power of the fed gov using deregulation. Cut the budget of the EPA.

33

Changes in the Supreme Court by bush and Reagan

RR- Sandra day oconner- first woman appointed to fill a seat in the court
Nominated William Rehnquist as Chief Justice
Bush- Clarence Thomas to replace thurgood Marshall, Ana hill testified that he sexually harassed her but Thomas won
Their appointments ended liberal control over the court

34

Who was Gorbachev

Mikhail general secretary of su communist party, instituted policies for democracy

35

Impacts of democracy in the su

Increased nationalism.
14 nonrussian republics declared independence from su
He resigned
CIS
SU ended 74 yrs after