Flashcards in 18.3 Deck (10):
House Un american Activities Committee
Congressional committee that investigated communist influence in the movie industry
False accusation attacks by senator Joseph McCarthy on suspected communists w/o evidence
List of people that were thought to have communist connections
Many had their careers ruined bc they could no longer work
Similarities & differences between his case & rosenburgs
Hiss- accused of being a spy for the SU by Whittaker chambers, had documents to show some proof, hiss was a gov official so even though he was guilty-he went to jail
Rosenburgs-accused, pleaded the 5th not to incriminate themselves, Julius was at fault, Ethel was not, both electrically executed
Rise & fall
Rise- fears surrounding Cold War & Korean War specifically provided platform for McCarthys anti communist views, needed an issue to be reelected in 1952.
Fall- accused US army of communism
Events that made Americans fear the Russians and communism
Atomic bomb, hydrogen bomb, Sputnik, China becoming communist, Korean War, spy cases
Which events created the fear that gave rise to McCarthyism?
HUAC-> Hollywood 10
Communists taking over the government (China-> communist)
US would defend Middle East against an attack by any communist country
How did this represent the arms race and who developed it first ?
US vs SU to see which country would be the first to develop the hydrogen bomb knowing that the atomic bomb was already a competition where only the US had it
US developed h bomb first