Flashcards in Ch 24.1 SS2 Deck (22):
What did nixon want to do with the government ?
what political view is this ?
he wanted to decrease the government, the power and size of the federal government.
this view is conservative
How did he decrease the government?
by developing his plan called New Federalism
what did new federalism do?
give state and local government more responsibility
How did nixon give the state and local gov more responsibility using new federalism?
he used revenue sharing which allowed local and state gov to spend federal money as they saw fit
(gave the state and local gov more power to do what they want)
What was FAP?
Family Assistance Plan, Welfare-reform proposal, approved by the House but defeated in the senate, that would have guaranteed an income to welfare recipients who agreed to undergo job training and to accept work
What political view did the FAP have?
liberal because liberals believe that the gov should help create jobs during hard times and believe that welfare should help aid the poor
What was the point of FAP?
was FAP successful?
no, it was never ratified
What did nixon end that was established by LBJ?
he ended many great society programs and expanded others
the ones he expanded came back to bite him
What did nixon do to congress?
he had to deal with a democrat controlled congress so he had to put more conservative people on the court. when 4 justices left through retirement he replaced them with conservatives. he did this so the 4 conservative justices could tilt the court in a more conservative direction
nixon was being conservative when he did what to take control of necessary funds for programs he didnt agree with, thus holding up their implementation
impounding. which the fed. courts ruled that it was unconstitutional and only congress had authority to decide how federal funds should be spent
What did nixon do dealing with the vietnam war?
he de-escalated US involvement in Vietnam bc he was elected on a dual promise to end the war in vietnam and mend the divisiveness with America that the war created
What did Nixon do that was sneaky for antiwar and civil rights activists (people who objected govs policies)?
he used the FBI and CIA to spy on the dissident groups
SDS (students for democratic society), Black Panthers,etc
He made an Enemy list
How would you describe nixon?
sneaky and suspicious
What happened in the 1968 election?
nixon barely won against Humphrey (democratic party), and nixon didnt want anything to be that close again
What was southern strategy ?
nixons attempt to attract the support of southern conservative Demcrats who were unhappy with federal desegregation policies and the liberal supreme court
economic condition where there is high unemployment and high inflation
organization of petroleum exporting countries- economic association of oil producing nations that is able to set prices
what happened with OPEC?
A war broke out and the Arab OPEC nations responded by cutting off all oil sales to the US and when OPEC resumed selling, the price quadrupled which worsened inflation
foreign policy advocated by Henry Kissinger in the nixon administration based on consideration of a nations power rather than its ideals or moral principles
means political realism
flexible policy advisor kissinger and nixon agreed on to deal with communist nations, involving a willingness to negotiate and an easing of tensions