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Flashcards in Ch 18.1 Deck (39):
1

which nations were permanently in the United Nations ?

US, Soviet Union, France, GB, China
5 out of 11

2

Potsdam conference

Clement Attle replaces Winston Churchill who was removed in the middle of the meeting for GB
Harry s Truman replaces FDR
Stalin feels he can boss them around
Stalin refuses to allow free elections in Eastern Europe (poland) and bans democratic parties

3

what did truman do when stalin tried to take control?

rebuilded germany and western europe for stable govs, trading partners, and strong economies in europe

4

What did the USSR do to Eastern Europe

made satellite nations to have a buffer zone
Russia produced weapons instead of consumer goods (for the buffer zone)

5

What did the US do after SU made satellite nations ?

made a policy of containment (hold soviets back, keep communism out)
stop the spread of communism
create alliance, support weaker nations

6

what conference decided that germany should be divided into E & Western

yalta and potsdam

7

what was the berlin crisis ?

berlin located in soviet controlled eastern germany
soviets closed off west berlin to all goods and services
made a blockade around w berlin to starve allies out of W berlin
US & GB began to airlift supplies into w berlin

8

Marshall plan provided what type of aid? What did it cause?

economic
helped countries recover from WW2, further divided Europe because they only aided their allies

9

what did NATO and the Warsaw Pact do ?

made armed conflict in the region a real possibility

10

what inspired the truman doctrine ?

the communist rebellions in greece and turkey

11

what was the main goal of the truman doctrine ?

to contain Soviet communism

12

what was one of the first indirct confrontations between the US and Soviets?

Conflicts in Greece and Turkey resulting in the truman doctrine

13

what did the US do differently in WW1 compared to WW2

WW1- shell
WW2-alliance and aided other countries

14

who wasnt apart of NATO

Soviet Union

15

what type of weapons were involved in the arm race?

nuclear

16

what did the arms race make us concerned about?

our safety and if their were spies around us

17

US vs SU on the plans for Europe after WW2

SU- wanted a buffer zone (satellite nations) to have time to prepare for war & so Russia was separate from the rest of the world, wanted communism
US- wanted to rebuild Western Europe/Germany for stable governments (democracy), trading partners, and to have strong economies in europe

18

containment

blocking of another nations attempt to spread its influence (Prevent SU spread of communism)

19

NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Defensive military alliance formed by 10 western european nations
Soviets didnt join -> Warsaw Pact

20

Satellite nations

countries dominated by the SU which forced communism by Stalin, they were manipulated

21

Iron Curtain

Phrase used in Winston churchills speech, imaginary line that separated Eastern europe (communism) and Western Europe (democratic)

22

Marshall Plan

Plan that US supplied ECONOMIC aid to European nations to help them rebuild after WW2

23

United Nations

50 nations in an international peace-keeping organization to promote peace, security, and economic development

24

Berlin airlift

US, GB, and F officials flew food and supplies into west berlin to break blockade
blockade lifted by Su, didnt directly fight

25

Cold War

conflict between US and SU where neither nation directly confronted the other on the battlefield

26

Truman Doctrine

US policy announced by Truman to provide economic and military aid to free nations threatened by opponents
keep SU influence from spreading (Greece and Turkey)

27

Which of the following does not belong as a
reason the U.S. wanted to rebuild Western
Europe? A. Stable governments
B. Build factories in Russia
C. Access to markets
D. Strong economies in Europe

B

28

What is the name given for the invisible wall
that went up separating Communist and
Noncommunist nations in post war Europe?

Iron Curtain

29

The main goal of the ___ was to stop the
spread of communism.
A. Marshall Plan
B. Berlin Airlift
C. Truman Doctrine
D. Satellite Nations

C

30

Order of events ?

United Nations, Potsdam conference -> Stalin lied about free elections, Truman wants to rebuild germany and western europe, communism vs democracy, satellite nations, containment, iron curtain, cold war, truman doctrine, marshall plan, berlin blockade/airlift, nato/warsaw pact

31

What were satellite nations? How were they controlled?

Countries dominated by the Soviet Union which forced a communist gov by Stalin
Controlled by Stalin by making them have a communist gov, he made a buffer zone out of these countries

32

What was the Berlin airlift?
Who took part?

American and British officials flew in food and supplies into West Berlin to break the SU blockade

33

Examples of containment

Blocking of another nations attempt to spread its influence
US attempt to prevent SU spread of communism
Truman doctrine

34

NATO, soviets version

Warsaw Pact
Defensive military alliance formed by Western European nations (10)

35

Truman doctrine

US policy announced by Harry Truman to provide economic and military aid to free nations threatened by internal or external opponents
Keep SU influence from spreading (Greece and turkey)

36

Marshall plan and impact on Europe

Program that US supplied economic aid to European nations to help rebuild after WW2, against hunger desperation chaos and poverty
Impact on west Germany & Western Europe-stable govs, strong economies, trading partners, communist party lost much of its appeal to voters

37

Actions taken by the U.S. in 1940s & 50s to win the Cold War

Truman didn't give into soviets demands
Rebuilds Germany and Western Europe (Marshall plan), Truman doctrine, follows policy of containment, created alliances and supported weaker nations, U.S. Airlifts supplies into w. Berlin to help allies survive, join NATO

38

US foreign policy actions during Cold War
Examples and outcomes

Truman doc- economic and military aid to free nations threatened-> reduced danger of communism taking over nations, containment
Marshall plan- economic aid to countries to rebuild after WW2 -> stable govs, strong economies, trading partners, communism loses its appeal
Berlin airlift- supplies sent
Allies in w. Berlin survive, SU blockade lifted, more freedom for w Berlin

39

Differences between US & SU

US- self determination in liberated nations, free elections, rebuild countries after WW2, stable govs, strong economy, trading partners, containment
SU- communism, no free elections, ban of democratic parties, wanted division -> no rebuilding because they don't want competition, buffer zone (separated from rest of the world), control Eastern Europe to balance US i clients in Wrstern Europe