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Flashcards in Ch 18.1 Deck (39)
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1

which nations were permanently in the United Nations ?

US, Soviet Union, France, GB, China
5 out of 11

2

Potsdam conference

Clement Attle replaces Winston Churchill who was removed in the middle of the meeting for GB
Harry s Truman replaces FDR
Stalin feels he can boss them around
Stalin refuses to allow free elections in Eastern Europe (poland) and bans democratic parties

3

what did truman do when stalin tried to take control?

rebuilded germany and western europe for stable govs, trading partners, and strong economies in europe

4

What did the USSR do to Eastern Europe

made satellite nations to have a buffer zone
Russia produced weapons instead of consumer goods (for the buffer zone)

5

What did the US do after SU made satellite nations ?

made a policy of containment (hold soviets back, keep communism out)
stop the spread of communism
create alliance, support weaker nations

6

what conference decided that germany should be divided into E & Western

yalta and potsdam

7

what was the berlin crisis ?

berlin located in soviet controlled eastern germany
soviets closed off west berlin to all goods and services
made a blockade around w berlin to starve allies out of W berlin
US & GB began to airlift supplies into w berlin

8

Marshall plan provided what type of aid? What did it cause?

economic
helped countries recover from WW2, further divided Europe because they only aided their allies

9

what did NATO and the Warsaw Pact do ?

made armed conflict in the region a real possibility

10

what inspired the truman doctrine ?

the communist rebellions in greece and turkey

11

what was the main goal of the truman doctrine ?

to contain Soviet communism

12

what was one of the first indirct confrontations between the US and Soviets?

Conflicts in Greece and Turkey resulting in the truman doctrine

13

what did the US do differently in WW1 compared to WW2

WW1- shell
WW2-alliance and aided other countries

14

who wasnt apart of NATO

Soviet Union

15

what type of weapons were involved in the arm race?

nuclear

16

what did the arms race make us concerned about?

our safety and if their were spies around us

17

US vs SU on the plans for Europe after WW2

SU- wanted a buffer zone (satellite nations) to have time to prepare for war & so Russia was separate from the rest of the world, wanted communism
US- wanted to rebuild Western Europe/Germany for stable governments (democracy), trading partners, and to have strong economies in europe

18

containment

blocking of another nations attempt to spread its influence (Prevent SU spread of communism)

19

NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Defensive military alliance formed by 10 western european nations
Soviets didnt join -> Warsaw Pact

20

Satellite nations

countries dominated by the SU which forced communism by Stalin, they were manipulated

21

Iron Curtain

Phrase used in Winston churchills speech, imaginary line that separated Eastern europe (communism) and Western Europe (democratic)

22

Marshall Plan

Plan that US supplied ECONOMIC aid to European nations to help them rebuild after WW2

23

United Nations

50 nations in an international peace-keeping organization to promote peace, security, and economic development

24

Berlin airlift

US, GB, and F officials flew food and supplies into west berlin to break blockade
blockade lifted by Su, didnt directly fight

25

Cold War

conflict between US and SU where neither nation directly confronted the other on the battlefield

26

Truman Doctrine

US policy announced by Truman to provide economic and military aid to free nations threatened by opponents
keep SU influence from spreading (Greece and Turkey)

27

Which of the following does not belong as a
reason the U.S. wanted to rebuild Western
Europe? A. Stable governments
B. Build factories in Russia
C. Access to markets
D. Strong economies in Europe

B

28

What is the name given for the invisible wall
that went up separating Communist and
Noncommunist nations in post war Europe?

Iron Curtain

29

The main goal of the ___ was to stop the
spread of communism.
A. Marshall Plan
B. Berlin Airlift
C. Truman Doctrine
D. Satellite Nations

C

30

Order of events ?

United Nations, Potsdam conference -> Stalin lied about free elections, Truman wants to rebuild germany and western europe, communism vs democracy, satellite nations, containment, iron curtain, cold war, truman doctrine, marshall plan, berlin blockade/airlift, nato/warsaw pact