Ch. 3: Examining the Project Processes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 3: Examining the Project Processes Deck (28):
1

Assumption

A belief that may or may not be true within a project. Weather is an example of an assumption in construction projects.

2

Change request

A documented request to add to or remove from the project scope.

3

Closing process group

The project management process group that contains the activities to close out a project and project contracts.

4

Constraint

A condition, rule, or procedure that restricts a project manager's options. A project deadline is an example of a constraint.

5

Corrective action

A corrective action brings project work back into alignment with the project plan.

6

Cost baseline

The aggregation of the project deliverables and their associated costs. The difference between the cost estimates and the actual cost of the project identifies the cost variance.

7

Defect repair

The activity to repair a defect within the project.

8

Enterprise environmental factors

Any external or internal organizational factors that can affect a project's success. Enterprise environmental factors include the culture, organizational structure, resources, commercial databases the project will use, market conditions, and your project management software.

9

Executing process group

The project management process group that provides the activities to carry out the project management plan to complete the project work.

10

Initiation process group

The project management process group that allows a project to be chartered and authorized.

11

Monitoring and controlling process group

The project management process group oversees, measures, and tracks project performance.

12

Organizational process assets

The methodology an organization uses to perform its business, as well as the guidelines, procedures, and knowledge bases, such as the lessons learned documentation from past projects and any relevant historical information.

13

Planning process group

The project management process group that creates the project management plan to execute, monitor and control, and close the project.

14

Preventive action

A risk-related action that avoids risk within the project. A workaround to a problem within your project is an example of a preventive action.

15

Process

An activity to create a product, result, or service. Project management processes allow the project to move towards completion.

16

Project calendar

The calendar that documents when the project work will occur.

17

Project charter

A document that comes from outside of the project boundaries and authorizes the existence of a project.

18

Project deliverable

The output of a project.

19

Project scope statement

The project scope defines the project, the project deliverables, product requirements, project boundaries, acceptance procedures, and scope control.

20

Resources calendar

The calendar that documents which project resources are available for the project work.

21

Risk

An uncertain event or condition that can have a negative or positive impact on the project.

22

Risk register

A central repository of the project risks and their attributes.

23

Rolling wave planning

Iterations of planning throughout the project life cycle.

24

Schedule baseline

The expected timeline of the project. The difference between the planned schedule and the experience schedule reveals schedule variances within the project.

25

Scope baseline

The sum of the project deliverables. The WBS is often called the project scope baseline. The differences between the WBS and what is created is a scope variance.

26

WBS dictionary

A document that defines every identified element of the WBS.

27

Workaround

An immediate response to a negative risk within the project. This is an example of a corrective action.

28

Work breakdown structure (WBS)

A breakdown of the project scope; often called the scope baseline.