A belief that may or may not be true within a project. Weather is an example of an assumption in construction projects.
A documented request to add to or remove from the project scope.
Closing process group
The project management process group that contains the activities to close out a project and project contracts.
A condition, rule, or procedure that restricts a project manager's options. A project deadline is an example of a constraint.
A corrective action brings project work back into alignment with the project plan.
The aggregation of the project deliverables and their associated costs. The difference between the cost estimates and the actual cost of the project identifies the cost variance.
The activity to repair a defect within the project.
Enterprise environmental factors
Any external or internal organizational factors that can affect a project's success. Enterprise environmental factors include the culture, organizational structure, resources, commercial databases the project will use, market conditions, and your project management software.
Executing process group
The project management process group that provides the activities to carry out the project management plan to complete the project work.
Initiation process group
The project management process group that allows a project to be chartered and authorized.
Monitoring and controlling process group
The project management process group oversees, measures, and tracks project performance.
Organizational process assets
The methodology an organization uses to perform its business, as well as the guidelines, procedures, and knowledge bases, such as the lessons learned documentation from past projects and any relevant historical information.
Planning process group
The project management process group that creates the project management plan to execute, monitor and control, and close the project.
A risk-related action that avoids risk within the project. A workaround to a problem within your project is an example of a preventive action.
An activity to create a product, result, or service. Project management processes allow the project to move towards completion.
The calendar that documents when the project work will occur.
A document that comes from outside of the project boundaries and authorizes the existence of a project.
The output of a project.
Project scope statement
The project scope defines the project, the project deliverables, product requirements, project boundaries, acceptance procedures, and scope control.
The calendar that documents which project resources are available for the project work.
An uncertain event or condition that can have a negative or positive impact on the project.
A central repository of the project risks and their attributes.
Rolling wave planning
Iterations of planning throughout the project life cycle.
The expected timeline of the project. The difference between the planned schedule and the experience schedule reveals schedule variances within the project.
The sum of the project deliverables. The WBS is often called the project scope baseline. The differences between the WBS and what is created is a scope variance.
A document that defines every identified element of the WBS.
An immediate response to a negative risk within the project. This is an example of a corrective action.
Work breakdown structure (WBS)
A breakdown of the project scope; often called the scope baseline.