Ch. 31: Acne Flashcards Preview

ATI Pediatrics-MJ > Ch. 31: Acne > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 31: Acne Deck (17):
1

The most common skin condition during adolescense

Acne

2

Acne is self-limiting and non life-threatening. However, it poses a threat to ____ for adolescents

Self-image

3

What does acne involve?

Pilosebaceous follicles (hair follicle and sebaceous gland complex) of the face, neck, chest, and upper back

4

Is acne genetic?

May be

5

Who is acne more common in?

Males

6

____ may result in acne flares in females

Hormonal fluctuations

7

The use of cosmetic products containing ingredients such as ____ and ___ may increase acne outbreaks

Petrolatum and lanolin

8

T/F: Adolescents working at fast food restaurants may have an increased incidence of acne due to exposure to cooking grease.

True

9

Lesions are either open (____) or closed (____).

Open: blackheads
Closed: whiteheads

10

P. acnes may lead to inflammation manifesting as ___, ____, ___, or ___

Papules
Pustules
Nodules
Cysts

11

How should child wash face?

Gently, avoid scrubbing and abrasive cleansers

12

What do we monitor for in adolescents who are taking isotretinoin (13-cis-retinoic acid) [amnesteem]?

Monitors for signs of MOOD CHANGES and SUICIDAL IDEATION

13

What does Tretinoin (Retin-A) do?

Interrupts abnormal keratinization that causes microcomedones (small lesions)

14

Can tretinoin (retin-A) irritate skin?

Yes, instruct client to apply within 20-30 min AFTER washing case

15

How much med of retin-A (tertinoin) is needed? When do they need to apply it?

PEA-SIZE about of medication and apply at NIGHT

16

Avoid ____ if taking retin-A.

Sun exposure

17

Use sunscreen (____) to avoid sunburn if taking retin-A

SPF 15 or greater