Ch. 32: Burns Flashcards Preview

ATI Pediatrics-MJ > Ch. 32: Burns > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 32: Burns Deck (65)
Loading flashcards...
1

What kind of burn can result in severe damage, including loss of organ function, tissue destruction with the subsequent need for amputation of a limb, and cardiac and/or respiratory arrest

Electrical burns

2

What are risk factors for burns?

Lack of supervision
Abuse, neglect
Developmental growth of the child

3

During assessment, if a child has a burn, what are some subjective data we need to document?

-Type of burn (dry heat, moist heat, chemical, electrical, ionizing radiation)
-Duration of contact
-Area of the body to which burn occured

4

What do the objective findings tell us?

The physical assessment findings: depth, appearance, sensation/healing

5

What is the depth of a superficial (first-degree) burn?

Damage to epidermis

6

How does a superficial (first-degree) burn appear?

Pink to red in color
No blisters
Mild edema
No eschar
Blanches with pressure

7

What is the sensation/healing for a superficial (first-degree) burn?

Painful

Heals within 5-10 days
No scaring

8

What is the depth for a superficial partial thickness (second-degree) burn?

Damage to entire epidermis
Dermal elements intact

9

What is the appearance of a superficial partial thickness (second degree) burn?

Pink to red in color
BLISTERS*
Mild-Moderate edema
No eschar
Blanches with pressure

*superficial thickness and superficial partial thickness burns appearance= similar, the BLISTERs indicates the difference!

10

What is the sensation/healing for a second degree burn (superficial partial thickness)?

Pain is present

Heals within 14-21 days
Variable amounts of scaring
Sensitive to temperature changes and light touch

11

What degree burn is deep partial thickness?

Second degree

BOTH superficial partial thickness and deep partial thickness are classified for second degree burns!

12

What is the depth of a deep partial thickness (2nd degree) burn?

Damage to entire epidermis and some parts of the dermis
Sweat glands and hair follicles remain intact

13

How does a deep partial thickness (2nd degree) burn look?

Red-white in color
Blisters
Moderate edema
Blanches with pressure

14

What is the big difference in appearance between superficial partial thickness and deep partial thickness?

The color--superficial partial thickness is pink to red in color with blisters and deep partial thickness is red-white in color with blisters

15

What is the sensation/heeling for a deep partial thickness burn?

Pain present
Sensitive to temp changes and light touch

Healing time may extend beyond 21 days
Scaring is likely

16

What is the depth of a full thickness (3rd degree) burn?

-Damage to the entire epidermis and dermis and possible damage to SQ tissue
-Nerve endings, hair follicles, and sweat glands are destroyed

17

What is the appearance of a full thickness (3rd degree) burn?

Red to tan, black, brown, or white in color
Dry, leathery appearance
No blanching

18

What is the sensation/healing of a full thickness (3rd degree) burn?

As the burn heals, painful sensations return and severity of pain INCREASES

Heals within weeks to months
Scaring is present
Grafting is required!

19

What is the depth of a deep full thickness (4th degree) burn?

Damage to ALL layers of the skin that extends to muscle, tendons, and bones

20

What is the color of a deep full thickness burn (4th degree)?

Color variable
Dull and dry
Charring
Possible visible ligaments, bone, or tendons

21

What is the sensation/healing of a deep full thickness burn (4th degree)?

No pain is present

Heals within weeks to months
Scarring is present
Grafting is required
Amputation

22

What burn has a dry, leathery appearance?

Full thickness (3rd degree)

23

What burn is pink to red but has no blisters?

Superficial (1st degree)

24

What burn is pink to red and has blisters?

Superficial partial thickness (2nd)

25

What burn is red to white in color with blisters?

Deep partial thickness (2rd)

26

What burn has no pain?

Deep full thickness (4th)

27

What burns require grafting?

Full thickness (3rd) and deep full thickness (4th)

28

What burn has nerve endings, hair follicles, and sweat glands destroyed?

Full thickness (3rd)

29

Does scarring occur with a superficial burn?

No

30

What burn hurts as it heals?

Full thickness (3rd)

Decks in ATI Pediatrics-MJ Class (41):