What Jacobson said to focus on: Part 1 Flashcards Preview

ATI Pediatrics-MJ > What Jacobson said to focus on: Part 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in What Jacobson said to focus on: Part 1 Deck (94)
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1

What may be seen on an infants tongue? What are ways they get it? How can it be treated?

White coatings on their tongues from milk= easily removed

Oral candidiasis coating= not easily removed

Oral candidiasis: can get from birth canal or antibiotics
Treat with mycostatin PO and systemic

2

Elicited by stroking an infants cheek or edge of an infants mouth--the infant turns her head toward the side that is touched and starts to suck

Sucking and rooting reflex

3

Elicited by placing an object in an infants palm--infant grasps object

Palmar grasp

4

Elicited by touching the SOLE of an infants foot--infants toes curl DOWNWARD

Plantar grasp

5

What is moro reflex?

Elicited by allowing head and trunk of an infant in a semi-sitting position to fall backward to an angle of at least 30 degrees--> infants arms and legs symmetrically extend, then abduct while fingers spread to form C shape

6

Elicited by clapping hands or by a loud noise--newborns will abduct arms at the elbows, and the hands will remain clinched

Startle reflex

7

What is the tonic neck reflex (fencer position)?

Elicited by turning an infants head to one side---the infant extends the arm and leg on that side and flexes the arm and leg on the opposite side

8

Elicited by stroking the OUTER EDGE of the sole of an infants foot up toward the ones--infants toes fan UPWARD and OUT

Babinski reflex

9

Elicited by holding an infant upright with his feet touching a flat surface--infant makes stepping movements

Stepping reflex

10

Expected age of moro?

Birth-4 m

11

Expected age of tonic neck reflex?

Birth- 3or4m

12

Expected age of babinski reflex?

Birth-1y

13

Expected age of plantar grasp?

Birth-8 m

14

Expected age of palmar grasp?

Birth-3 m

15

Expected age of sucking/rooting reflex?

Birth-4 m

16

Expected age of startle reflex?

Birth-4m

17

Expected age of stepping reflex?

Birth-4weeks

18

What does infant do at 1 month?

Demonstrates head lag
Has a grasp reflex

19

What does infant do at 2 months?

Lifts head off mattress when prone
Holds hands in a open position

20

What does infant do at 3 months?

Raises head and shoulders off mattress when prone
Slight head lag
No longer has grasp reflex
Keeps hands loosely open

21

What does infant do at 4 months?

Rolls from back to side
Places objectes in mouth

22

What does infant do at 5 months?

Rolls from front to back
Uses palmar grasp dominantly

23

What does infant do at 6 months?

Rolls from back to front
Holds bottle

24

What does infant do at 7 months?

Bears full weight on feet
Moves objects from hand to hand

25

What does infant do at 8 months?

Sits unsupported
Begins using pincer grasp

26

What does infant do at 9 months?

Pulls to standing position
Creeps on hands and knees instead of crawl
Crude pincer grasp

27

What does infant do at 10 months?

Changes from prone to sitting position
Grasps rattle by its handle

28

What does infant do at 11 months?

Walks while holding onto something (cruising)
Places objects into container
Neat pincer grasp

29

What does infant do at 12 months?

Sits down from standing position w/o assistance
Tries to build a 2 block tower w/o success

30

What are 3 important tasks accomplished during birth-24 months, according to Piaget?

1. Separation
2. Object permanence
3. Mental representation

Decks in ATI Pediatrics-MJ Class (41):