Flashcards in What Jacobson said to focus on: Part 1 Deck (94)
What may be seen on an infants tongue? What are ways they get it? How can it be treated?
White coatings on their tongues from milk= easily removed
Oral candidiasis coating= not easily removed
Oral candidiasis: can get from birth canal or antibiotics
Treat with mycostatin PO and systemic
Elicited by stroking an infants cheek or edge of an infants mouth--the infant turns her head toward the side that is touched and starts to suck
Sucking and rooting reflex
Elicited by placing an object in an infants palm--infant grasps object
Elicited by touching the SOLE of an infants foot--infants toes curl DOWNWARD
What is moro reflex?
Elicited by allowing head and trunk of an infant in a semi-sitting position to fall backward to an angle of at least 30 degrees--> infants arms and legs symmetrically extend, then abduct while fingers spread to form C shape
Elicited by clapping hands or by a loud noise--newborns will abduct arms at the elbows, and the hands will remain clinched
What is the tonic neck reflex (fencer position)?
Elicited by turning an infants head to one side---the infant extends the arm and leg on that side and flexes the arm and leg on the opposite side
Elicited by stroking the OUTER EDGE of the sole of an infants foot up toward the ones--infants toes fan UPWARD and OUT
Elicited by holding an infant upright with his feet touching a flat surface--infant makes stepping movements
Expected age of moro?
Expected age of tonic neck reflex?
Expected age of babinski reflex?
Expected age of plantar grasp?
Expected age of palmar grasp?
Expected age of sucking/rooting reflex?
Expected age of startle reflex?
Expected age of stepping reflex?
What does infant do at 1 month?
Demonstrates head lag
Has a grasp reflex
What does infant do at 2 months?
Lifts head off mattress when prone
Holds hands in a open position
What does infant do at 3 months?
Raises head and shoulders off mattress when prone
Slight head lag
No longer has grasp reflex
Keeps hands loosely open
What does infant do at 4 months?
Rolls from back to side
Places objectes in mouth
What does infant do at 5 months?
Rolls from front to back
Uses palmar grasp dominantly
What does infant do at 6 months?
Rolls from back to front
What does infant do at 7 months?
Bears full weight on feet
Moves objects from hand to hand
What does infant do at 8 months?
Begins using pincer grasp
What does infant do at 9 months?
Pulls to standing position
Creeps on hands and knees instead of crawl
Crude pincer grasp
What does infant do at 10 months?
Changes from prone to sitting position
Grasps rattle by its handle
What does infant do at 11 months?
Walks while holding onto something (cruising)
Places objects into container
Neat pincer grasp
What does infant do at 12 months?
Sits down from standing position w/o assistance
Tries to build a 2 block tower w/o success