Ch. 36: Communicable diseases- Chicken Pox Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 36: Communicable diseases- Chicken Pox Deck (25):
1

What is the "technical name" for chickenpox ?

Varicella

2

How is chickenpox spread?

Direct contact
Droplet
From person to person with shingles

3

What is incubation of chickenpox?

10-21 days

4

What is the communicability of chicken pox?

1-2 days before lions appear until all lesions have scabs

5

Symptoms 1-2 days prior to rash for chickenpox. What are those symptoms?

-High fever
-Fatigue
-Loss of appetite
-Headache

6

Rash of chickenpox: Where do the macules start? Then what happens?

In trunk and face---then spread to rest of body, progressing to papules

7

Rash of chickenpox: What happens after the papules?

Vesicles follow, with crusts forming

8

Rash of chickenpox: When do scabs appear?

In approx. 1 week

9

What are the isolation precautions for varicella?

Airborn/contact

10

What can we give for fever?

Antipyretic

11

Is it okay to give a child aspirin for fevers?

NO!! This is a risk for Reyes Syndrome!!!

12

What can be given for topical relief?

Calamine lotion

13

What kind of baths do we give?

Give baths in tepid water, possibly with oatmean

14

What kind of clothing should child wear?

Loose, lightweight

15

What do we do to childs skin to prevent secondary infection?

Keep skin clean and dry

Keep child cool, but prevent chilling

16

How should childs fingernails be?

Short and clean

17

What if child keeps scratching?

Apply mittens

18

What if child as sore throat?

May gargle with warm water

19

How often do we change linens?

Daily

20

What is used to control childs pruritis?

Antihistamines (diphenhydramine hydrochloride and hydroxyzine)

21

What is given for high risk clients who have varicella?

Acyclovir

22

Why do we give NSAID or acetaminophen?

Decreases fever

*teach parents appropriate dosing for acetaminophen

23

Complications of varicella? (8)

-Dehydration
-Pneumonia
-Bleeding problems
-Bacterial infection of skin
-Sepsis
-Toxic shock syndrome
-Bone or joint infections
-Death

24

A nurse is teaching a group of parents about complications of communicable diseases. Which of the following communicable diseases may lead to pneumonia? (SATA)
A. Rubella (german measles)
B. Rubeola (measles)
C. Pertussis (whooping cough)
D. Varicella (chickenpox)
E. Mumps

B, C, D

25

A nurse is teaching a group of parents about communicable diseases. Which of the following is the most appropriate method to prevent communicable disease?
A. Handwashing
B. Avoiding persons with active disease
C. Covering your cough
D. Obtaining immunizations

D